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Att samkonstruera en faderskapsrit: En studie av interaktionen vid klippet av navelsträngen
Uppsala universitet.
2013 (Swedish)In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 8, no 2, 169-188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The general aim of this article is to provide research about rites a new methodological perspective and to reintroduce rite as an analytical concept to linguistics, by showing how conversation analysis (CA) and membership categorization analysis (MCA) can reveal the rituality of an act from a member’s point of view. CA and MCA give insight into the dependence on the orientations of the participants and their cooperation in constructing an act as a rite. In this sense, the article fulfills the appeal of the sociologist Andrew Roth for a new consideration of the situated and dynamic circumstances of rites.

The specific aim is to investigate how the ritual dimension of the man’s cutting of the umbilical cord is manifested in the interplay between the participants in the delivery room. In Swedish delivery wards fathers are routinely asked whether they would like to cut the umbilical cord of their newborn child. In previous anthropological research, which has been based on interviews and questionnaires, the character of the cut as a paternity rite has been discussed. Yet, there has been no study about what actually happens in the delivery room; there has been no proof that the participants in real time orient to the act as something more than a mere cut. The present study draws on a corpus of 16 videorecordings from the delivery room that captures the interaction surrounding the cut in real time.

The linguistic microanalysis shows that the participants, by different means, elevate the man’s cutting of the cord as a valued act that is imbued with symbolism. It is shown that the cutting of the cord is a category-bound activity, reserved for the man and connected to the speaking forth of the category daddy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsförlaget, Oslo, 2013. Vol. 8, no 2, 169-188 p.
Keyword [en]
Conversation analysis, medical interaction, Membership categorization, paternity, rite de passage, umbilical cord
Keyword [sv]
Samtalsanalys, rite de passage, navelsträng, faderskap
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-62951DiVA: diva2:1093599
Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Födandets sociala utformning: språkliga och kroppsliga praktiker i förlossningsrummet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Födandets sociala utformning: språkliga och kroppsliga praktiker i förlossningsrummet
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explores the social construction of birth by analyzing the interaction between the participants present in the delivery room. The data is drawn from 79 video recordings of birth. Six are unedited research recordings and the remaining 73 were edited for pedagogical, documentary and entertaining purposes. The theoretical and analytical perspective is Conversation Analysis. With this microanalytic method, a detailed insight is given to the interaction in the delivery room which should be of linguistic, anthropologic and midwifery interest.

The thesis demonstrates how different situations are shaped during labor and the first 15 minutes after birth. It reveals how the identities child, girl, boy, mother, father, woman and man are constructed and negotiated in the unfolding interaction between the participants. In this sense, the thesis uncovers the construction of family roles in the delivery room during a delicate interaction between the private persons and the institutional representatives. The latter are charged with the complex task of safeguarding the physical wellbeing of mother and child while also promoting the development of parental identities. The thesis highlights the existence of a social birth work; the institutional interactants make use of a range of linguistic resources to demarcate the progression from second stage labor to birth and to position the newborn as an endeared social creature. Birth is an important liminal situation and is therefore forcefully spoken forth, and, as the thesis shows, enhanced with more or less ritual utterances and actions. Birth is also a matter of bodies, the body in labor, the supporting body of the partner and the appearance of the body of the newborn. The thesis gives insight into how these bodies are managed and stylized in interaction. Further the thesis makes visible the midwife’s use of interactional resources to instill strength into the body of the woman in labor. The results are discussed in light of the socio-cultural circumstances for hospital birth in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. 70 p.
Series
Studier från Örebro i svenska språket, ISSN 1653-9869 ; 8
Keyword
birth work, conversation analysis, membership categorization analysis, connection maneuvres, identity, ritual and body in interaction
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Swedish Language
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62963 (URN)978-91-7668-954-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-25, BIOgrafen, Forumhuset, Örebro universitet, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-24Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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