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Women's experiences of abnormal Pap smear results: a qualitative study
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1569-6675
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5200-1740
Karolinska Institute ; Kalmar County Hospital.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1944-773X
2017 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 12, 3-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objectives

To describe women’s experiences of abnormal Pap smear result.

Methods

Ten women were recruited from a women’s health clinic. Qualitative interviews based on six open-ended questions were conducted, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed by content analysis.

Results

The women believed that their abnormal Pap smear result was indicative of having cancer. This created anxiety in the women, which resulted in the need for emotional support and information. Testing positive with human papillomavirus (HPV) also meant consequences for the relatives as well as concerns about the sexually transmitted nature of the virus. Finally, the women had a need to be treated with respect by the healthcare professionals in order to reduce feelings of being abused.

Conclusions

In general, women have a low level of awareness of HPV and its relation to abnormal Pap smear results. Women who receive abnormal Pap smear results need oral information, based on the individual women’s situation, and delivered at the time the women receive the test result. It is also essential that a good emotional contact be established between the women and the healthcare professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 12, 3-8 p.
Keyword [en]
Abnormal Pap smears, Cervical cancer screening, Experience, Content analysis
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-63468DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2017.01.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-63468DiVA: diva2:1094156
Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-22

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Rask, MarieSwahnberg, KatarinaOscarsson, Marie
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf