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Is institutional support for women’s entrepreneurship feminist?
Jönköping University.
Stockholm University.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
Linköping University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0130-4407
2014 (English)In: Gender, Work & Organization: Abstracts 1-376, John Wiley & Sons, 2014, p. 142-142Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Feminism in Sweden as well as in the other Scandinavian countries was largely formulated as state feminism. The women's movement has cooperated with feminists in the state, resulting in societies that count as the most gender equal in the world. The Scandinavian countries are consistently ranked in the top position on international gender equality indices. The state has provided a large publicly financed welfare sector that both employs many women, and makes it possible to combine work and family through family friendly policies. The last decade has seen a politica l change influenced by neoliberal thought, in which politicians hand over welfare state responsibilities to the market, and instead encourage entrepreneurship, not least among women. The Swedish government has since 20 years back programs and policies to promote women's entrepreneurship. The Swedish state has during the same period shrunk the pub lic sector and privatized many operations in services and care, which traditionally employ many women. Instead, women are encouraged to start businesses in former public sectors. Empirica l studies suggest however, that all of the increase of women 's entrepreneurs hip in these sectors is within low-paid, micro service businesses, typically child minding.

Traditional state feminism has also changed character. Instead of public regulations, market solutions are advocated. In this paper we ask how to theorize this change from a feminist theory perspective; we ask what the implications for feminist action are, and we ask what consequences for women's position in society are. We use research literature and policy texts as our empirical material and conduct a critical literature analysis. We conclude that the entrepreneurship discourse challenges, and possibly weakens state feminism and feminist action as we have known it in the Scandinavian countries, but may also offer new forms of feminist resistance, on market terms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014. p. 142-142
National Category
Gender Studies Business Administration
Research subject
Economy, Business administration; Social Sciences, Gender Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-64140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-64140DiVA, id: diva2:1097182
Conference
Gender, Work and Organization 2014, 8th Biennial International Interdisciplinary Conference, 24th - 26th June 2014, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK
Available from: 2014-10-08 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Berglund, KarinTillmar, Malin

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf