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Vad händer sedan?: Upplevelser i det nya hemlandet utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

De senaste åren har flyktingströmmen till Sverige ökat då många människor sökt asyl i landet. Flyktingar som fått permanent uppehållstillstånd i Sverige har påbörjat en krävande integrations- och etableringsprocess. Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv utforska flyktingars upplevelser av att etablera sig i Sverige. Data insamlades via semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem deltagare som var inskrivna på en arbetsförberedande verksamhet. Materialet analyserades med Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Fem teman identifierades: Hantering, Aktivitet och sysselsättning, Förståelse, Drivkraft och motivation till livet i Sverige och Den sociala kontakten. Resultatet diskuterades i relation till Antonovskys Känsla Av Sammanhang (KASAM), Locus of control och tidigare forskning. Förslag på åtgärder vid olika etableringsinsatser var att flyktingar bör få tillgång till sociala sammanhang genom sysselsättning och svenska språkstudier samt att flyktingars värdegrunder bör utforskas för att kunna finna deras drivkrafter i vardagen. Slutsatsen var att trygghet och social gemenskap krävs för flyktingar, och när de behoven är tillgodosedda skapas en mottaglighet för utveckling vilket därigenom ökar välbefinnande och hälsa.

Abstract [en]

During recent years the influx of refugees has increased in Sweden where many individuals have applied for asylum in the country. Refugees that have received permanent residence permits in Sweden have begun demanding integration and establishment processes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore through a salutogenic perspective refugees experiences of settling in a new country. Data was collected using semistructured interviews with five participants registered in a job preparatory organization. The material was analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Five themes were identified: Manageability, Activity and Occupation, Comprehensibility, Incentive and Motivation for a life in Sweden and Social contact. The results were discussed in relation to Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence (SOC), Locus of control and previous research. Proposals for interventions in the establishment process were to let refugees receive access to social contexts through occupation and Swedish language studies and to explore the value-systems among refugees in order to find their life incentives. The conclusion was that security and social community are necessary for refugees, and when those needs are accommodated a receptability for development is formed which increases health and well-being as a result.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
refugee, establishment, sense of coherence, qualitative study
Keywords [sv]
flykting, etablering, känsla av sammanhang, kvalitativ studie
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-64402OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-64402DiVA, id: diva2:1098842
Educational program
Psychologist Programme, 300 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-05-26 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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