lnu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Effects of Stress on Learning and Memory
Stockholm University.
Stockholm University ; Karolinska Institutet.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet.
2016 (English)In: Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior, Academic Press, 2016, 153-160 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Stress activates the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, which causes the release of glucocorticoids, a class of adrenal steroid hormones. Stress also activates the sympathetic nervous system and thereby, the release of the transmitters adrenaline and noradrenaline. Stress has a memory-modulatory effect in humans as well as in animals. In humans, the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala are rich in cortisol receptors. Acute and tolerable stress may increase memory performance, while excessive levels and chronic stress may have negative effects, thereby mimicking the pattern in animals. Stress in humans seems to have different effects on the various stages of memory (the memory process: encoding, consolidation, and retrieval) and can be enhanced by emotional arousal. Animals learn to associate events in their environment. Studies of the effects of manipulation of corticosterone levels in animals have helped to disentangle the influences of stress on memory and learning, and indicated that low levels enhance spatial learning, whereas higher levels impair performance. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press, 2016. 153-160 p.
Series
Handbook of Stress Series, 1
Keyword [en]
Amygdala, Animals, Emotional arousal, Hippocampus, Humans, Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, Learning, Memory stage, Memory system, Stress
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-64663DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800951-2.00018-2ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85018682819ISBN: 9780128009512 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-64663DiVA: diva2:1104933
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-02

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mohammed, A. H.
By organisation
Department of Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 22 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf