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Vårdrelationens betydelse för vården av patienter med Anorexia Nervosa: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The importance of the care relationship in the care of patients with Anorexia Nervosa : A systematic litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa vårdrelationens betydelse i samband med vård av patienter med Anorexia Nervosa.

Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie utfördes. Artikelsökningen som var relevant för syftet gjordes i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed. Tio kvalitativa artiklar identifierades. Dessa kvalitetsgranskades och en manifest innehållsanalys utfördes.

Resultat: Resultat som framkom i studien var att vårdrelationen var av stor vikt och att patienterna ansåg att stöd från sjuksköterskorna var hjälpsamt. Svårigheter i vårdrelationen kunde uppstå när patienterna motsatte sig vård. Patienterna upplevde blandade känslor i vårdrelationen. Kommunikationen och vårdrelationen är av stor vikt för upplevelsen av välbefinnande och för fortsatt behandling. Det kategorier som framkom i analysen var: Vårdrelation, Känslomässiga upplevelser och Kommunikation.

Slutsatser: Det finns bristande kunskap om vårdrelationens betydelse. En stark terapeutisk relation är av stor vikt för att förhindra att återfall uppkommer och för att kunna bygga en tillit för varandra. Kommunikationssvårigheter uppkommer då patienterna inte är villiga att ta emot behandlingens mål. Detta kan leda till att sjuksköterskan upplevs icke-hjälpsam. Trots patienternas ibland negativa känslomässiga upplevelser ska sjuksköterskorna alltid behandla patienterna med värdighet, respekt och vänlighet. Kommunikationen mellan båda parter är viktig för att få en helhetsbild av patientens situation.

Nyckelord: Anorexia Nervosa, Patientupplevelse och Sjuksköterskans-patientens relation.

Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim was to illuminate the health care relationship in relation to patient care with Anorexia Nervosa.

Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted. Articles relevant to the aim of the study was sought in the databases Cinahl and PubMed. Ten qualitative articles were identified. A quality valuation and a manifest content analysis was conducted.

Results: The results in this the study showed that the care relationship is of great importance and the patient considered that support from nurses was helpful. The categories found in the analysis were: Care relations, Emotional experiences and Communication. Difficulties in the care relationship could arise when patients opposed care. The patients also experiences mixed feelings in the care relationship. However, communication and care relationshipa are of great importance for the perception of well-being and for continued treatment.

Conclusions: There is insufficient knowledge of the importance of the care relationship in treating Anorexia Nervosa. A strong terapeutic relationship is of great importance to prevent relapses from occurring and to build trust in each other. Despite the patient’s fluctuating emotional experiences, nurses should treat patients with dignity, respect and kindness. Communication between both parties is important in order to get an overall picture of the patient’s situation for optimal care and treatment.

Keywords: Anorexia Nervosa, Patient experience and nurse-patient relations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Anorexia Nervosa, Patient experience, nurse-patient relations
Keywords [sv]
Anorexia Nervosa, Patientupplevelse, Sjuksköterskans-patientens relation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-64896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-64896DiVA, id: diva2:1106301
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-07 Created: 2017-06-07 Last updated: 2017-06-07Bibliographically approved

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