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Waste paper for recycling: Overview and identification of potentially critical substances
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0643-9984
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5472-8553
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2853-1001
2015 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 45, 134-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Paper product manufacturing involves a variety of chemicals used either directly in paper and pulp production or in the conversion processes (i.e. printing, gluing) that follow. Due to economic and environmental initiatives, paper recycling rates continue to rise. In Europe, recycling has increased by nearly 20% within the last decade or so, reaching a level of almost 72% in 2012. With increasing recycling rates, lower quality paper fractions may be included. This may potentially lead to accumulation or un-intended spreading of chemical substances contained in paper, e.g. by introducing chemicals contained in waste paper into the recycling loop. This study provides an overview of chemicals potentially present in paper and applies a sequential hazard screening procedure based on the intrinsic hazard, physical-chemical and biodegradability characteristics of the substances. Based on the results, 51 substances were identified as potentially critical (selected mineral oils, phthalates, phenols, parabens, as well as other groups of chemicals) in relation to paper recycling. It is recommended that these substances receive more attention in waste paper.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 45, 134-142 p.
Keyword [en]
Hazardous substances, Paper, Priority pollutants, Recycling, Waste management, Biodegradation, Biohazards, Chemical hazards, Chemicals, Hazards, Indicators (chemical), Waste paper, Chemical substance, Conversion process, Environmental initiatives, Paper and pulp production, Product manufacturing, Screening procedures
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66648DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.02.028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-66648DiVA: diva2:1120061
Available from: 2017-07-05 Created: 2017-07-05 Last updated: 2017-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Eva

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Pivnenko, KostyantynEriksson, EvaAstrup, Thomas Fruergaard
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf