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Recent aspects of uranium toxicology in medical geology
Council Nutr & Environm Med, Norway.
Norwegian Government Scholarship Holder, Norway.
Univ Verona, Italy.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
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2017 (English)In: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 156, 526-533 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Uranium (U) is a chemo-toxic, radiotoxic and even a carcinogenic element. Due to its radioactivity, the effects of U on humans health have been extensively investigated. Prolonged U exposure may cause kidney disease and cancer. The geological distribution of U radionuclides is still a great concern for human health. Uranium in groundwater, frequently used as drinking water, and general environmental pollution with U raise concerns about the potential public health problem in several areas of Asia. The particular paleo-geological hallmark of India and other Southern Asiatic regions enhances the risk of U pollution in rural and urban communities. This paper highlights different health and environmental aspects of U as well as uptake and intake. It discusses levels of U in soil and water and the related health issues. Also described are different issues of U pollution, such as U and fertilizers, occupational exposure in miners, use and hazards of U in weapons (depleted U), U and plutonium as catalysts in the reaction between DNA and H2O2, and recycling of U from groundwater to surface soils in irrigation. For use in medical geology and U research, large databases and data warehouses are currently available in Europe and the United States.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 156, 526-533 p.
Keyword [en]
Uranium, Environment, Mining, Health, Depleted uranium, Drinking water
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66904DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2017.04.010ISI: 000403735300063PubMedID: 28431380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-66904DiVA: diva2:1126193
Available from: 2017-07-13 Created: 2017-07-13 Last updated: 2017-07-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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