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Questionnaire Use Among Nordic Neuropsychologists: Shift From Assessing Personality to Checking Ecological Validity of Neuropsychological Assessments?
Vestfold Hosp Trust, Norway ; Univ Oslo, Norway.
Univ Oslo, Norway ; Sunnaas Rehabil Hosp, Norway.
Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Denmark.
Univ Helsinki, Finland ; Helsinki Univ Hosp, Finland.
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2017 (English)In: Professional psychology, research and practice, ISSN 0735-7028, E-ISSN 1939-1323, Vol. 48, no 4, 227-235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The core method of neuropsychologists has been to collect structured samples of behavior through standardized tests. Information that cannot be elicited through tests may be gathered by questionnaires asking questions about behavior. Tests may deconstruct cognitive function precisely, but lack the ecological validity of questionnaires. Thus, many neuropsychologists have advocated more use of questionnaires, but it is not known whether professional practice has changed. Until recently, personality instruments were the only widespread questionnaires in frequent use among neuropsychologists. We studied the inventory use of 702 Nordic neuropsychologists. The most used questionnaires are listed, and differences between countries are analyzed. In addition, the questionnaires are grouped with regard to whether they map cognition, behavior not observable during consultations, emotional symptoms, personality, or are diagnostic tools. The study showed an average use of 8.4 questionnaires (SD 6.4), with a range from 4.5 in Finland to 11 in Norway. Emotional symptoms were most frequently assessed, closely followed by questionnaires of cognition. There was a very low usage rate of personality measures, even though the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2; Hathaway & McKinley, 1951) and other measures have been available in the Nordic countries for years. Questionnaire use correlated highly with test use. Frequency of assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders mediated high questionnaire use, whereas assessing patients with neurological conditions predicted below average use of questionnaires. The study indicates a shift from assessing personality to using questionnaires to check the validity of test results. The shift is probably mediated by the expansion of clinical neuropsychology into the field of psychiatry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2017. Vol. 48, no 4, 227-235 p.
Keyword [en]
neuropsychology, questionnaire use, Nordic countries, professional practice
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68509DOI: 10.1037/pro0000119ISI: 000412909500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-68509DiVA: diva2:1153518
Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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