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Definicije počinitelja ratnog nasilja i žrtve. Analitički model za analizu rituala ratnog nasilja u koncentracionim logorima tokom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini (Definitions of the perpetrator of war violence and the victim. Analytical model for analysis concerning rituals of war violence in concentration camp during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy. Lund University, Department of Sociology. (Kriminal- och socialvetenskapligt nätverk; Institutet för kunskaps- och metodutveckling inom ungdoms- och missbruksvård (IKM); Centrum för specialpedagogisk forskning (CSF))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6151-0934
2017 (Bosnian)In: The Second International Scientific Victimology Conference ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina” / [ed] Azra Adzajlic-Dedovic, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2017, Vol. 3, p. 9-9Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [bs]

Ovaj članak prezentira teoretski i metodološki model za analizu prepričanih iskustava bivših logoraša koji su kao civili odvedeni u koncentracione logore početkom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini 1990-tih godina. Cilj je analizirati prepričane rituale ratnog nasilja u koncentracionim logorima kao i identifikovati kako se počinioci ratnog nasilja i žrtve simbolično definiraju u pričama. Priče o nasilju u logoru definiraju počinitelja nasilja kao nekoga ko je opasan, zao, idealan neprijatelja, kao pravi, ali udaljeni zločinac. Kada intervjuisani u studiji naglašavaju istrebljivanje i sistematiziranje ratnog nasilja u logorima tokom rata, oni produciraju i reproduciraju sliku ratnog nasilja koje je organizovano i koje se sprovodi svakodnevno. Čini se da je cilj ovog verbalnog naglašavanja, da opisana djela ratnog nasilja u logorima, poslije rata dobiju status organiziranog i ritualiziranog ratnog nasilja. Definiranjem počinitelja ratnog nasilja, intervjuisani u studiji implicitno ističu komplementarnu suprotnost počinitelja - žrtvu nasilja. Žrtva je predstavljena kao prijeratni poznanik, prijatelji i komšija od izvršitelja nasilja. Žrtva nasilja je definisana kao umorna, posustala u agoniji, kao inferiorna, de-humanizirana, žigovana i kao bespomoćna ostavljena na milost i nemilost počiniteljima ratnog nasilja.

Abstract [en]

This article presents a theoretical and methodological model for analyzing the experiences retold by former concentration camp detainees who were placed in concentration camps as civilians at the beginning of the Bosnian war in the 1990s. The aim is to analyze the recounted rituals of war violence in concentration camp as well as identifying how the perpetrators of war violence and victims are symbolically defined in stories. In these descriptions, the perpetrator is defined as a dangerous, evil, and ideal enemy. He is portrayed as a real and powerful yet alien criminal. When informants emphasize extermination and the systematization of war violence in the camps during the war, they produce and reproduce the image of war violence that is organized and conducted on a daily basis. The aim of this verbal emphasis seems to be that the described acts of war violence in the camps, after the war obtain the status of an organized and ritualized war violence. By defining the perpetrators of war violence, the interviewed in the study implicitly point out the complementary opposition of the perpetrator - a victim of violence. The victim is presented as pre-war acquaintances, friends and neighbors of the perpetrators of violence. Victim of violence is defined as tired, dying in agony, inferior, de-humanized, stamped and helplessly left to the mercy of the perpetrators of war violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2017. Vol. 3, p. 9-9
Keywords [en]
interaction, ritual, interview, qualitative method, variation in empirical material, discourse, alien criminal, extermination, systematized war violence, organized war violence, verbal emphasis, ritualized war violence, rituals of war violence
Keywords [bs]
interakcija, ritual, intervju, kvalitativni metod, varijacija u empiriskom materijalu, diskurs, udaljeni zločinac, istrebljenje, sistematizirano ratno nasilja, organizovano ratno nasilje, verbalno naglašavanja, ritualizirano ratno nasilje, rituali ratnog nasilja
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies; Social Work, Social Psychology; Social Sciences, Sociology; Police Science, Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69000DiVA, id: diva2:1160490
Conference
The Second International Scientific Victimology Conference ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, Institute for Development of Victimology, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Foundation "Help Victims of Power and the Authority Abuse in Bosnia and Herzegovina"; University of Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Institute of Knowledge Management, Republic of Macedonia; Associations of Mediators in Bosnia and Herzegovina; THINK THANK – Research Center Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (20171122).
Note

The Second International Scientific Victimology Conference ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, Institute for Development of Victimology, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Foundation "Help Victims of Power and the Authority Abuse in Bosnia and Herzegovina"; University of Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Institute of Knowledge Management, Republic of Macedonia; Associations of Mediators in Bosnia and Herzegovina; THINK THANK – Research Center Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (20171122). ”Definicije počinitelja ratnog nasilja i žrtve. Analitički model za analizu rituala ratnog nasilja u koncentracionim logorima tokom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini” (”Definitions of the perpetrator of war violence and the victim. Analytical model for analysis concerning rituals of war violence in concentration camp during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina”). 

Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2018-01-05Bibliographically approved

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