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Obrazovanje za kulturu mira kao viktimološki odgovor na uspon ideologija neofašizma (Education for the Culture of Peace as Victimological Response to the Rise of Ideology of Neo-Fascism)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy. Lund University, Department of Sociology. (Kriminal- och socialvetenskapligt nätverk; Institutet för kunskaps- och metodutveckling inom ungdoms- och missbruksvård (IKM); Centrum för specialpedagogisk forskning (CSF))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6151-0934
University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
2017 (Bosnian)In: The Second International Scientific Victimology Conference ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina” / [ed] Azra Adzajlic-Dedovic, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2017, Vol. 3, p. 10-10Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [bs]

Cilj ovog rada je kritički analizirati intelektualne uslove za obrazovanje empirijskih i  normativnih dimenzija znanja koje se mogu suprotstaviti ideologijama neofašizma,  i na teorijsko-diskurzivnom,  i na praktičnom planu. U viktimologiji nastaje problem onda kada obrazovne politike i prakse označavaju (1) zajedničke prošlosti,  (2) politike etničkih identiteta i  (3) politike sjećanja koje su ispunjene nesavladanim viskom  ratnog nasilja iz prošlosti. Rad se bavi kritičkom analizom  klerikalizacije obrazovnih politika, kritičkom analizom klerikalizacije politika etničkih identiteta i kritičkom analizom klerikalizacije politika sjećanja. U analitičkoj pozadini ovog rada nalazi se stav da društvena i kulturalna značenja nastaju kao posljedica društvenih diskursa i diskurzivnih  praksi kojima značenjski »stvaramo«, odnosno konstruiramo  obrazovanje kao društveni fenomen. Analitička osnova rada se zasniva na pregledu različitih studija iz domena sociologije ideologije, sociologije vojske i rata, socijalne epistemologije i kritičke viktimologije. Rad traga za obuhvatnom kritičkom perspektivom iz koje bi bilo moguće obrazovati novu, dinamičnu terminologiju za preciznu diskurzivnu analizu političkog, diskurzivnog i identitarnog infantilizma i kritiku neofašističkih politika etničkih identiteta u kontekstu šire kritike negativnih društvenih učinaka na prvi pogled različitih, ali, u biti međusobno nadopunjavajućih ideologija neofašizma i neopopulizma. U radu se obrazlaže društvena potreba za kvalitetnijim javnim obrazovanjem značenja političke, medijske i religijske upotrebe i zloupotrebe »identitarnih pojmova« i »identitarne terminologije«. Rad se zasniva na kvalitativnoj metodologiji istraživanja značenja (i političke zloupotrebe) osnovnih pojmova u viktimologiji kao sto su recimo: »globalizacija nasilja« »država«, »državne granice« »kleronacionalizam«, »sekularizam« »politika predstavljanja«, »kultura«, »kulturni identitet«, »kultura sjećanja«, »kultura mira«, »kultura smrti«,  »religija«, »povratak religije«, »tradicija«, »vitalni nacionalni interes« itd. Insistira se na odvaganoj kritičkoj analizi povlaštenih strategija političkog apliciranja označiteljskih sistema i mehanizama 'razlikovanja' koji služe kao  epistemička osnova za obrazovanja pojmova, terminologije, taksonomija i klasifikacija prema kojima se ljudi dijele na »naše« i »njihove«. Zaključak je da bi se u normativnoj osnovi obrazovanja koje nam je potrebno u 21. stoljeću trebalo pozvati na odgovornost svih društvenih aktera  prema budućim naraštajima u kontekstu sve uočljivija medijske, ideološke i biopolitičke konkurencija za »status povijesne žrtve« davnih (i sasvim nedavnih) stvarnih i ideoloških  ratova koji su se vodili ili se još uvijek  vode, zapliću ili raspliću na Balkanu. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to critically analyse intellectual conditions for education pertaining to the empirical and normative knowledge dimensions that can oppose the ideologies of neo-fascism, both on the theoretical-discursive and the practical plan. A problem occurs in victimology when educational policies and practices mark (1) common pasts, (2) ethnical identity policies and (3) remembrance policies filled with reigning excess of war violence from the past. The paper deals with the critical analysis of clericalization of educational policies, critical analysis of clericalization of ethnical identity policies and critical analysis of clericalization of remembrance policies. The analytical background of this paper carries the sentiment that social and cultural meanings are created as a consequence of social discourses and discursive practices that we »create« semantically, that is, we construe education as a social phenomenon. The analytical basis of the paper is founded on a review of various studies from the domains of ideology sociology, army and war sociology, social epistemology and critical victimology. The paper seeks an all-encompassing critical perspective that would make it possible to teach a new, dynamic terminology for a precise discursive analysis of the political, discursive and identitarian infantilism and a criticism of neo-fascist policies of ethnical identity in the context of a broader criticism of negative social impacts on ideologies of neo-fascism and neo-populism that appear different at first glance but that actually mutually complete each other. The paper explains the social need for a public education of a better quality pertaining to the meaning of political, media and religious use and misuse of »identitarian concepts« and »identitarian terminology«. The paper is based on the quality methodology of the research of meaning (and political misuse) and basic concepts of victimology, such as: »globalisation of violence«, »state«, »state borders«, »clero-nationalism«, »secularism« »representation policy«, »culture«, »cultural identity«, »culture of remembrance«, »culture of peace«, »culture of death«,  »religion«, »return of religion«, »tradition«, »vital national interest« etc. There is an insistence on a scrutinized critical analysis of privileged strategies of the political application of referential systems and mechanisms of 'differentiating' that serve as the epistemic foundation to teach the concepts, terminology, taxonomies and classifications used to separate people into »ours« and »theirs«. The conclusion is that, in the normative foundation of education we need in the 21st century, we should call upon the responsibility of all social players for the future generations in the context of more noticeable media, ideological and bio-political competitors for the »historical victim status« of the ancient (and recent) actual and ideological wars fought in the past or those that are ongoing, intensifying or in the process of being resolved in the Balkans. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2017. Vol. 3, p. 10-10
Keywords [en]
education, peace culture, ideology, neo-fascism, clero-nationalism, discourse, clericalization, identity, tolerance, critical victimology, epistemology, neo-populism, victim status, war, conflict
Keywords [bs]
obrazovanje, kultura mira, ideologija, neofašizam, kleronacionalizam, diskurs, klerikalizacija, identitet, tolerancija, kritička viktimologija, episemologija, neopopulizam, status žrtve, rat, konflikt
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Pedagogics and Educational Sciences; Social Sciences, Sociology; Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69001DiVA, id: diva2:1160491
Conference
The Second International Scientific Victimology Conference ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, Institute for Development of Victimology, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Foundation "Help Victims of Power and the Authority Abuse in Bosnia and Herzegovina"; University of Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Institute of Knowledge Management, Republic of Macedonia; Associations of Mediators in Bosnia and Herzegovina; THINK THANK – Research Center Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (20171122).
Note

The Second International Scientific Victimology Conference ”Ambassadors of Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, Institute for Development of Victimology, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Foundation "Help Victims of Power and the Authority Abuse in Bosnia and Herzegovina"; University of Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Institute of Knowledge Management, Republic of Macedonia; Associations of Mediators in Bosnia and Herzegovina; THINK THANK – Research Center Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (20171122). ”Obrazovanje za kulturu mira kao viktimološki odgovor na uspon ideologija neofašizma” (”Education for the Culture of Peace as Victimological Response to the Rise of Ideology of Neo-Fascism”), with Zlatan Delić and Halima Sofradzija.

Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2018-01-05Bibliographically approved

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