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Ten years incidence of cancer in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Blekinge Institute of Technology.
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2018 (English)In: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, ISSN 2213-3984Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

Designing and implementation of screening programs depend on greatly epidemiologic basic data in every country. Also Variation in the incidence of various cancers in our country has been a favorite topic.

Objectives

This systematic review was conducted to provide an overall perspective about incidence, geographical and age distribution of cancers in Iran.

Methods

A comprehensive search were done according to MOOSE guideline criteria in national and international databases for selecting eligible articles from 2005 to 2015. After screening titles and abstracts, duplicated and irrelevant studies were excluded. Selected papers are written in Persian or English. The standard error of the cancer incidence was calculated based on the binomial distribution. Because of the significant heterogeneity observed among the results, we used a random-effects model combine the results of the primary studies. Moreover, a sensitivity analysis was undertaken to explore the effects of the risk of bias and other sources of heterogeneity.

Results

Overall 16 articles met eligibility criteria for inclusion. The total incidence of cancer was 19.4 and 17.2 per hundred thousand of people in males and females respectively. The five most common cancers in male were: Lymphoma, leukemia, esophagus, stomach, colorectal and in the female are: breast, colorectal, stomach, thyroid and esophagus. The highest incidence rate was seen in Golestan Province and in the age group over 65 years.

Conclusion

According to increasing incidence rate of cancers in Iran, Development, holding and accomplish of universal public cancer control program should be the first precedence for health policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018.
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Incidence of cancer, Epidemiology of cancer, Cancer occurrence, Cancer in Iran
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69155DOI: 10.1016/j.cegh.2017.10.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69155DiVA, id: diva2:1164325
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-03-02

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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