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Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: evidence from a field experiment
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5620-4745
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2018 (English)In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, p. 1-30Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose

We investigate whether there is unequal treatment in hiring depending on whether a job applicant signals living in a bad (deprived) neighborhood or in a good (affluent) neighborhood.

Design/methodology/approach

We conducted a field experiment where fictitious job applications were sent to employers with an advertised vacancy. Each job application was randomly assigned a residential address in either a bad or a good neighborhood. The measured outcome is the fraction of invitations for a job interview (the callback rate).

Findings

We find no evidence of general neighborhood signaling effects. However, job applicants with a foreign background have callback rates that are 42 percent lower if they signal living in a bad neighborhood rather than in a good neighborhood. In addition, we find that applicants with commuting times longer than 90 minutes have lower callback rates, and this is unrelated to the neighborhood signaling effect.

Originality/value

Empirical evidence of causal neighborhood effects on labor market outcomes is scant, and causal evidence on the mechanisms involved is even more scant. We provide such evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018. p. 1-30
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69178DOI: 10.1108/IJM-09-2017-0234OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69178DiVA, id: diva2:1164689
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-06-28

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Carlsson, MagnusReshid, AbdulazizRooth, Dan-Olof

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf