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Firefighters as First Incident Persons: breaking the chain of events and becoming a new link in the chain of survival
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. (CISA)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. (CISA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2602-0101
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. (CISA)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. (CISA)
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 120-133Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose In order to shorten the response time, two part-time fire departments (FDs) in Sweden initialize a first incident person (FIP) assignment. This is done by alarming the crew manager as an FIP, responding in a separate emergency vehicle, and by arriving at the scene before rest of the crew. The purpose of this paper is to explore and describe experiences of the FIP assignment within an FD. Design/methodology/approach A multimethod design was used, influenced by Creswell and Plano Clark's (2011) explanatory sequential mixed method design including emergency reports, a questionnaire and interviews. Findings The results show that the FIP assignment was a function that secured an early presence at the scene of an accident or emergency situations, which is beneficial for society in the form of a safety factor, for the firefighters in the form of early prior information on what to expect at the scene and for the patient in the form of early existential support and increased chances of survival. Originality/value In order to prevent full scenarios to happen and get the chance to save lives, an early response must be ensured. Hence, studies must be made in different settings, based on its unique conditions. This study indicates that by implementing FIP in FDs placed in a rural area, the FIP can break the chain of events and becoming a new link in the chain of survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 120-133
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69815DOI: 10.1108/IJES-10-2017-0051ISI: 000432829500004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85040866305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69815DiVA, id: diva2:1173675
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Svensson, AndersAlmerud Österberg, SofiaFridlund, BengtStening, KentElmqvist, Carina

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Citation style
  • apa
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