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A descriptive study of registered nurses’ application of the triage scale RETTS©: a Swedish reliability study
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Region Kronoberg. (CISA)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. (CISA)
University of Modena, Italy.
Karolinska Institutet.
2018 (English)In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 38, p. 21-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

From a patient safety perspective, it is of great importance that decision support systems such as triage scales are evidence based. In the most recent national survey, the majority of Swedish Emergency Departments (EDs) apply the Swedish triage scale known as the Medical Emergency Triage Treatment Scale (METTS), subsequently renamed the Rapid Emergency Triage Treatment Scale (RETTS©). Despite national widespread implementation, there has been limited research on METTS/RETTS©.

Aim

To determine the reliability of application by registered nurses of the RETTS© triage scale in two Swedish emergency departments.

Methods

In this prospective, cross-sectional study at two EDs, 46 written patient scenarios were triaged by 28 registered nurses (RNs). Data were analysed with descriptive statistics and Fleiss kappa (κ).

Results

The RNs allocated 1281 final triage levels. There was concordance in seven (15%) of the scenarios, and dispersion over two or more triage levels in 39 (85%). Dispersion across the stable/unstable patient boundary was found in 21 (46%) scenarios. Fleiss κ was 0.562, i.e. moderate agreement.

Conclusion

The inability of the triage scale to distinguish between stable/unstable patients can lead to serious consequences from a patient safety perspective. No general pattern regarding concordance or dispersion was found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 38, p. 21-28
Keywords [en]
Emergency service, Hospitals, Patient safety, Patient scenarios, Nurses, Nursing staff, Reliability – reproducibility of results, Triage – emergency service
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69816DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2017.12.003ISI: 000432470600005PubMedID: 29326039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69816DiVA, id: diva2:1173677
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved

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Wireklint, SaraElmqvist, Carina

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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