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Individers upplevelser av utmattningssyndrom och utmattningsdepression: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Individual experiences of stress-related exhaustion disorder : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under tidsperioden 2010-2015 har diagnoser vilka kategoriseras som anpassningsstörningar och stressreaktioner, där utmattningssyndrom ingår, ökat med 119%. Tidigare forskning har relaterat utmattning till både faktorer i arbetslivet och privatlivet. Vidare är utmattningssyndrom mångfacetterat i dess manifestation med koppling till över hundra symtom. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva drabbade individers upplevelser kring utmattningssyndrom/utmattningsdepression, och därmed erhålla fördjupad kunskap om subjektiva erfarenheter associerade med dessa diagnoser. Samplet bestod av ett tillgänglighetsurval av fem deltagare. Undersökningsmaterialet samlades in genom intervjuer och analysmetoden som användes var tematisk analys.

 

I resultatet framkom att vägen till utmattningen såg olika ut för deltagarna, såväl faktorer i arbetslivet som privatlivet kunde kopplas till utmattningen. De mest förekommande symtomen var sömnproblem, känslighet för sinnesintryck och koncentrationssvårigheter. En brytpunkt då deltagarna kom till insikt om sitt tillstånd kunde identifieras hos varje deltagare. Resultatet visade att det bemötande och sociala stöd deltagarna upplevde från sin omgivning hade stor betydelse för utvecklandet av utmattning. Flertalet av deltagarna uppgav att de upplevde återhämtningstiden som otillräcklig. I nuläget saknas universell behandlingsform som fungerar för alla drabbade, då det finns en heterogenitet rörande utvecklingsförloppet bland individer. En förhöjd stresskänslighet som konsekvens av utmattning kan vara en orsak till ökad risk för framtida recidiv.

Abstract [en]

The category of diagnoses which include stress-related exhaustion disorder increased by 119 % during the period of 2010-2015 in Sweden. Previous research has related exhaustion to factors both in work life and in private life. Furthermore, stress-related exhaustion disorder is multifaceted with links to over a hundred symptoms. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of individuals affected by stress-related exhaustion disorder/depression, and thereby obtain in-depth knowledge about subjective experiences associated with these diagnoses. The method of obtaining participants was convenience sampling. The sample consisted of five participants. The research material was gathered through interviews and the method of analysis being used was thematic analysis.

 

In the result a variation in the exhaustion development among the participants emerged. Factors in work life as well as in private life could be linked to exhaustion. The most frequent occurring symptoms were sleep issues, sensitivity to sensory impressions and lack of ability to concentrate. A breaking point when the participants came to a realization about their condition could be identified among each participant. The result also revealed that social support and reactions from people in the participants surroundings had great impact on the development of exhaustion.  A majority of the participants stated that the time of recovery was insufficient. Currently there is no universal form of functioning treatment, due to a heterogeneity in the development process among individuals. An increased sensitivity to stress as a consequence of exhaustion could be a possible cause of future relapses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69925OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69925DiVA, id: diva2:1175041
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human Resource Management Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-01 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-02-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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