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Påverkan på relationen efter flytt till HVB-hem: Upplevelser hos närstående till en familjemedlem med psykisk ohälsa
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den psykiatriska vården har förändrats genom historien. En stor förändring skedde i samband med psykiatrireformen på 1990-talet. I samband med detta upplevde de närstående att de fick inta en mer vårdande roll och ett större ansvar för familjemedlemmen med psykisk ohälsa.

 

I tidigare studier framkommer att de närstående upplever börda i förhållande till sin familjemedlem och att det i sin tur har inverkan på den närståendes eget välbefinnande. Vidare påverkar detta den närståendes relation till familjemedlemmen med psykisk ohälsa.

 

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva närståendes upplevelser av hur relationen till en familjemedlem med psykisk ohälsa påverkas när familjemedlemmen flyttat till ett HVB-hem.

 

Metod: Studien genomfördes som en intervjustudie med kvalitativ induktiv ansats. I studien deltog tio respondenter och insamlat material bearbetades av författarna genom en kvalitativ latent innehållsanalys.

 

Resultat: I föreliggande studie framkommer att de närstående upplever att de befinner sig i en komplicerad situation. Rollen som närstående till en person med psykisk ohälsa kan upplevas som påfrestande och relationen blir på grund av olika anledningar ofta ansträngd. Det resultat som framträdde var att Relationen präglas av ömsesidig påverkan och att HVB-hemmet kan ge trygghet och underlätta relationen

 

Slutsats: Att öka delaktigheten och att underlätta för de närstående gör att de kan minska sitt lidande och öka sitt eget välbefinnande. Vilket, ur ett helhetsperspektiv, kan skapa förutsättningar för en bättre relation och ökad livskvalité för samtliga individer i systemet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Psychiatric care has changed through history. A major change occurred in connection to the psychiatric reform in the 1990s. In relation to this, the relatives also felt that they were taking a more caring role and a greater responsibility for the family member with a mental illness.Previous studies have shown that close relatives to family members with a mental illness, experience a burden related to their family member. This burden is so significant that it affects the relatives own well-being and further influenced their relationship with the family member with mental illness.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe relatives’ experiences of how the relationship to a family member with mental illness is affected when the family member moves to a residential care home.

Method: The study was conducted as an interview study with a qualitative inductive approach. In the study ten respondents were interviewed and collected material were processed by the authors through a qualitative latent content analysis.Results: The present study revealed that the close relatives find that they are in a complicated situation. The role of being related to a person with mental illness can be experienced as stressful and the relationship, due to various reasons, becomes strained. The result that emerged was that the relationship is characterized by mutual influence and the residential care home can provide security and ease the relation.  

Conclusion: To increase participation and ease the burden for the close relatives, can reduce their suffer and increase their own well-being. Which, from a holistic perspective, can create conditions for a better relationship and increase the quality of life for all individuals in the system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
Mental Illness, Relatives, Relationship, Residential care home
Keywords [sv]
Psykisk ohälsa, Närstående, Relation, HVB-hem
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70662OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-70662DiVA, id: diva2:1181778
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Psychiatric Care, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-13 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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