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Skiljer sig den inre och yttre motivationen hos studenter vid olika högskoleutbildningar?: En kvantitativ studie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Does the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of students vary among different university programs? : A quantitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om studenters inre och yttre motivation skiljde sig åt beroende på vilken högskoleutbildning individen har valt. Tidigare studier har visat att det finns en skillnad mellan typer av motivationsnivåer hos studenter på olika högskoleutbildningar. I studien deltog 46 studenter vid ett svenskt universitet från Musikproduktionsprogrammet och 39 studenter vid samma universitet från Civilekonomprogrammet. Resultatet visade att Civilekonomstudenterna hade signifikanta skillnader mellan motivationstyperna. Majoriteten av civilekonomstudenter skattade högre värden i yttre motivation (EM) än i inre motivation (IM). Civilekonomstudenterna visade även högre värden i yttre motivation (EM) i jämförelse med Musikproduktionsstudenterna. Värden i IM och EM var jämt fördelade hos studenter från musikproduktionsprogrammet och Amotivationen visade sig vara låg hos samtliga studenter. Deltagarnas årkurs och kön var kovariater som kontrollerades i studien. Här sågs deltagarnas årkurs och kön ha signifikanta samband med studenternas nivåer av IM och EM. Utifrån resultatet dras slutsatsen att studenter från musikproduktionsprogrammet sannolikt drivs av både personligt intresse och externa belöningar medan majoriteten av civilekonomstudenter endast tycks motiveras av externa belöningar. 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate whether student’s intrinsic motivation (IM) and extrinsic motivation (EM) differs depending on which university program the individual has chosen. Previous studies have shown that there is a difference between the level of motivation among different college students. 46 Swedish university students from the Music Production Program and 39 Swedish students at the same university from the Civil Econom Program participated in the study. The results showed that the Civil Economic students had significant differences between motivational types. The majority of Civil economic students estimated higher values in EM compared to IM. The Civil Economic students even showed higher values in EM compared to students from the Music Production program. The values in IM and EM were equally distributed within students from the Music Production program and the Amotivation proved to be low among all students. The grade and the gender of the participants were covariates that were controlled in the study. The participants grade and gender showed to have correlations that were significant with the students’ level of IM and EM. Conclusions from the results are that students from the Music Production program are likely to have goals based on personal interest and external rewards while the majority of civil Economic students only seems to be motivated by external rewards.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Intrinsic motivation, Extrinsic motivation, A motivation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-70771DiVA, id: diva2:1182111
Subject / course
Psychology
Presentation
(Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-12 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • en-GB
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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