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Native word order processing is not uniform: An ERP study of verb-second word order
Lund University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6731-1522
Lund University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5505-2279
Lund University. (Humanities Laboratory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3589-9605
2015 (English)In: Cognitive Neuroscience Society, 22nd Annual Meeting, March 28-31, 2015 Hyatt Regency Hotel, San Francisco, California: 2015 Annual Meeting Program, San Fransisco: Cognitive Neuroscience Society , 2015, p. 218-218Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Most Germanic languages share verb-second (V2) word order: the finite verb occurs in second position in a main clause regardless of whether it starts with a subject (e.g., she; SVO), or an adverbial (e.g., today; AdvVSO). Swedish allows for certain exceptions to V2 resulting in clauses with V3 word order (AdvSVO) (Bohnacker, 2006). Despite the general acknowledgment that V3 occurs, little is known about the factors that license it and about how these structures are processed. This study therefore investigated V2-/V3-processing in 20 adult native Swedish speakers, manipulating initial semantic adverbial type (idag Œtoday¹, hemma Œat home¹, and kanske Œmaybe¹), and subject type (lexical noun, Œthe boy¹, vs. pronoun, Œhe¹) in a sentence completion task and in acceptability judgments made after event-related potentials were recorded. The results showed effects of adverbial- and subject-type across tasks and measures. Behavioral results showed positive effects of pronominal subjects; moreover, idag-sentences were the most accurate, and kanske-sentences the least accurate. Neurocognitively, there was a main effect of V2 reflected in a medial negativity in the N400 time window, a left anterior positivity, and a late posterior negativity. Importantly, the negativities were strongest in amplitude with kanske, while the left anterior positivity was only elicited with hemma and idag. The results thus suggest that V2-violations in Swedish are more acceptable with some adverbials (here kanske Œmaybe¹), and that such sentences are also processed differently from sentences starting with other adverbials. Native word order processing is thus not uniform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
San Fransisco: Cognitive Neuroscience Society , 2015. p. 218-218
Series
Supplement of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, ISSN 1096-8857
Keywords [en]
Language acquisition, syntax, V2, ERP
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70873OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-70873DiVA, id: diva2:1188739
Conference
Cognitive Neuroscience Society, 22nd Annual Meeting, March 28-31, 2015 Hyatt Regency Hotel, San Francisco, California
Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-03-12Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Annika

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Andersson, AnnikaSayehli, SusanGullberg, Marianne
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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