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Permian-Early Triassic tectonics and stratigraphy of the Karoo Supergroup in northwestern Mozambique
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Pontifícia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of African Earth Sciences, ISSN 1464-343X, E-ISSN 1879-1956, Vol. 130, p. 8-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Gondwana continent was the base of great basin inception, sedimentation and magmatism throughout the Cambrian to Middle Jurassic periods. The northwestern Mozambique igneous and metamorphic basement assemblages host the NW-trending Moatize Minjova Basin, which has great economic potential for coal and gas mining. This rift basin was activated by an S-SW stress field during the Early Permian period, as constrained by regional and field scale structural data. Tectonically induced subsidence in the basin, from the reactivation of NW-SE and NNE-SSW regional structures is well recorded by faults, folds and synsedimentary fractures within the Early Late Permian Moatize Formation. NW-SE, N-S and NE-SW field structures consist of post-Karoo reactivation patterns related to a NNE-SSW extension produced by the Pangea breakup and early inception stages of the Great East African Rift System. The Early Late Permian sequences of the Moatize-Minjova Basin are composed of fluvial meandering, coal-bearing beds of the Moatize Formation, which comprises mostly floodplain, crevasse splay and fluvial channel lithofacies associations, deposited in a cyclic pattern. This sequence was overlapped by a multiple-story, braided fluvial plain sequence of the Matinde Formation (Late Permian – Early Triassic). Lithofacies associations in the Matinde Formation and its internal relationships suggest deposition of poorly channelized braided alluvial plain in which downstream and probably lateral accretion macroforms alternate with gravity flow deposits. NW paleoflow measurements suggest that Permian fluvial headwaters were located somewhere southeast of the study area, possibly between the African and Antarctic Precambrian highlands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 130, p. 8-27
Keywords [en]
Mozambique, Karoo Supergroup, Moatize-Minjova Basin, Tectonic and sedimentation, Early Late Permian
National Category
Geology
Research subject
Natural Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71484DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2017.03.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-71484DiVA, id: diva2:1189591
Available from: 2018-03-12 Created: 2018-03-12 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Ketzer, João Marcelo

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