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Att göra en FREDA: Riskbedömningens logiker i arbetet med mäns våld mot kvinnor
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
(Swedish)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

De senaste två decennierna har socialarbetares bedömningsarbete i klientärenden inom flera verksamhetsområden varit föremål för ökad uppmärksamhet. Professionens förmåga att genomföra precisa och likvärdiga bedömningar har ifrågasatts. Ett sätt att söka förbättra bedömningsarbetet har varit att standardisera utförandet genom implementering av olika typer av riskbedömningsverktyg. I denna artikel beskrivs och analyseras hur socialarbetare resonerar i riskbedömningssituationer som rör sju kvinnor som utsatts för våld av en man de haft en nära relation till. De riskbedömningar som studerats har genomförts med hjälp av det standardiserade bedömningsverktyget FREDA. Analysen blottlägger tre logiker i detta arbete; missbrukslogiken, normaliseringslogiken och säkerhetslogiken. Logikerna visar att socialarbetares överläggningar och bedömningar inte på ett rätlinjigt sätt styrs av det standardiserade verktyget utan att en förhandling av risk sker även utifrån andra kunskapskällor. Även om standardisering kan betraktas som ett sätt för professionella att eftersträva ett mer säkert socialt arbete så bejakar de deltagande socialarbetarna i sina resonemang samtidigt den osäkerhet som är förknippad med riskbedömningsarbete där framtida våld ska prediceras. Detta kan få konsekvenser för hur de våldsutsatta förväntas leva sina liv.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-71737DiVA, id: diva2:1192319
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-05-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Uppdrag standardisering: införande och användning av manualbaserade utrednings- och bedömningsverktyg i socialtjänsten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uppdrag standardisering: införande och användning av manualbaserade utrednings- och bedömningsverktyg i socialtjänsten
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses the issue of standardization in social work. Standardization is a necessary and fascinating, though underestimated, phenomenon, which governs, regulates and calibrates social life. In Swedish social services, we have witnessed an increased use of top-down imposed manual-based tools for investigative and assessment work. In human service organisations, such as social services, this raises questions about social workers’ control in terms of how work should be executed as well as the implications of standardization for professional discretion. The aim of this thesis is to investigate and understand standardization as a phenomenon, focusing on its consequences for social work as a profession and a field of practice.The thesis consists of four papers investigating the implementation and execution of manual-based assessment tools (BBIC, FREDA and SARA) in social services. The empirical material is based on interviews with a total of 68 social workers, managers, politicians and officials as well as documents and observations of risk assessment events. Each paper results from the analysis of an exclusive data set, with the concepts used in the analysis coming from theories of professions and organisations.The results show that increased standardization is a way for social workers to seek legitimacy as well as to claim jurisdiction and increase professionalism. The execution of the tools in social work is conditioned by significant key implementation factors in organisational contexts as well as the compatibility between the construction of tools and users’ needs and expectations. Along with previous research and theory, the results from the four papers are used to develop a tentative taxonomy of different discretionary positions that social workers can take with regards to standards in their practice. Those positions illustrate that it is not straightforward how the increased standardization of investigative and assessment work will impact professional discretion. It is argued that a balance between standardization and professional discretion is possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Press, 2018. p. 93
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 316
Keyword
standardization, social work, profession, assessments, discretion, jurisdiction
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71738 (URN)978-91-88761-48-4 (ISBN)978-91-88761-47-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-04-13, Växjö, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Skillmark, Mikael

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