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Virtual water trade of agricultural products: A new perspective to explore the Belt and Road
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Nanjing Univ, Peoples R China.
Nanjing Univ, Peoples R China.
Tongren Polytech Coll, Peoples R China.
Nanjing Univ, Peoples R China.
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2018 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 622, p. 988-996Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Belt and Road is an initiative of cooperation and development that was proposed by China. Moreover, most of the spanning countries faced water shortages and agriculture consumed a lot of water. Virtual water links water, food and trade and is an effective tool to ease water shortages. Therefore, this paper aims to understand the Belt and Road from the new perspective of virtual water trade of agricultural products. We considered agricultural products trade from 2001 to 2015. On the whole, the results indicated that China was in virtual water trade surplus with the countries along the Belt and Road. However, in terms of each country, >40 spanning countries were in virtual water trade surplus with China and eased water shortages. Russia had the largest net imported virtual water from China. Furthermore, the proportion of the grey water footprint that China exported to the spanning countries was much higher than that imported, no matter from the whole or different geographical regions. Moreover, more than half of the countries' virtual water trade with China conformed to the virtual water strategy, which helped to ease water crises. Furthermore, the products that they exported to China were mainly advantageous products that each spanning countries have. Virtual water trade is a new perspective to explore the Belt and Road. Agricultural products trade with China definitely benefits both the countries along the Belt and Road and China from the perspective of virtual water. The findings are beneficial for the water management of the countries along the Belt and Road and China, alleviating water shortages, encouraging the rational allocation of water resources in the various departments. They can provide references for optimizing trade structures as well. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 622, p. 988-996
Keyword [en]
Agricultural product, Virtual water, Water shortage, Water surplus, Net import, The Belt and Road
National Category
Environmental Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Economy; Environmental Science, Natural Resources Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71752DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.351ISI: 000426349000100PubMedID: 29227947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-71752DiVA, id: diva2:1192555
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Zhang, Yu

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