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Ambient temperatures differently influence colour morphs of the leaf beetle Chrysomela lapponica: roles of thermal melanism and developmental plasticity
University of Turku.
University of Turku.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (Evolutionary Ecology)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9598-7618
University fo Turku.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Thermal Biology, ISSN 0306-4565, E-ISSN 1879-0992, Vol. 74, p. 100-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We asked whether ambient temperatures can affect morph frequencies within a subarctic population of thepolymorphic leaf beetle Chrysomela lapponica through thermal melanism and/or developmental plasticity. Bodytemperature increased faster in beetles of dark morph than in beetles of light morph under exposure to artificialirradiation. Dark males ran faster than light males in both field and laboratory experiments, and this differencedecreased with increasing ambient air temperature, from significant at 10 °C to non-significant at 20 °C and26 °C. On cold days (6–14 °C), significantly more dark males than light males were found on their host plants incopula (40.8% and 27.3% respectively); on warm days (15–22 °C) this difference disappeared. Light femalesproduced twice as many eggs as dark females; this difference did not depend on the ambient temperature. Theproportion of dark morphs in the progenies of pairs with one dark parent was twice as high as that in theprogenies of pairs in which both parents were light, and this proportion was greater when larvae developed atlow (10 and 15 °C) than at high (20 and 25 °C) temperatures. We conclude that low temperatures may increasethe frequencies of dark morphs in C. lapponica populations due to both the mating advantages of dark males overlight males and developmental plasticity. Variation in frequencies of low-fecund dark morphs in the population,caused by among-year differences in temperature together with density-dependent selection, may contribute tothe evolutionary dynamics of the colour polymorphism and may influence abundance fluctuations in these leafbeetle populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 74, p. 100-109
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-71800DOI: 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2018.03.019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-71800DiVA, id: diva2:1193165
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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