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Undernutrition among children under five in the Bandja village of Cameroon, Africa
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1828-6831
Department of Public Health, University of Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 1607-0658Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Sub-Saharan Africa has a long history of struggling with child undernutrition. The prevalence of undernutrition is still high and knowledge about this public health problem and the underlying causes is essential for children’s health.

Aim: To evaluate the anthropometric status of children under five in the Bandja village of Cameroon.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken that included 388 children. Undernutrition was evaluated in terms of wasting, stunting and underweight. Information on sex, age, birth order, birth interval, duration of breastfeeding, and mother’s age at birth, occupation and educational level were collected.

Results: The prevalence of wasting, stunting and underweight was 3.2%, 16.4% and 5.2%, respectively. Boys were more stunted than girls (OR 2.24; 95% CI 1.16–4.34). Children less than 30 months were more often wasted than older children (OR 17.70; 95% CI 1.82–172.40). The first and second born in order were more stunted than the third or later born in order (OR 2.06; 95% CI 1.02–4.18). Children of farming mothers were more often stunted (OR 2.87; 95% CI 1.35–6.13) and underweight (OR 3.47; 95% CI 1.09–11.09) than others. Children still being breastfed were more underweight (OR 6.52; 95% CI 1.31–32.43) than those whose mothers had finished breastfeeding.

Conclusion: Undernutrition is highly prevalent in Bandja, and is more common among boys, younger children, first born in order, children still being breastfed and children of farming mothers. This study underlines the importance of intervention to prevent and reduce undernutrition among children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keyword [en]
Cameroon, children under five, stunting, underweight, wasting
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72277DOI: 10.1080/16070658.2018.1448503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-72277DiVA, id: diva2:1195602
Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-04-05

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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