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Den oroliga ortopedpatienten: Anestesisjuksköterskors strategier för att lindra ortopedpatienters oro vid regional anestesi
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The anxious orthopedic patient : The nurse anesthetists strategies to alleviate the orthopedic patients concerns with regional anesthesia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: En anestesisjuksköterska ska främja hälsa och förebygga ohälsa med respekt för patienternas värdighet och integritet. Regional anestesi är vanligt förekommande vid ortopedisk kirurgi. Det innebär att en eller flera av patienternas kroppsdelar bedövas, och försätter således patienterna i en utsatt situation med förlorad kroppskontroll. Detta kan ge upphov till oro och obehag för patienterna, och anestesisjuksköterskor bör ha kunskap om hur de genom olika omvårdnadsåtgärder kan lindra patienternas oro. Syfte: Studiens syfte är att utforska och belysa anestesisjuksköterskors strategier för att lindra ortopedpatienters oro vid regional anestesi. Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med tio anestesisjuksköterskor som hade minst ett års klinisk erfarenhet samt erfarenhet av att vårda aktuell patientgrupp. Datamaterialet analyserades med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys, där meningsbärande enheter kondenserades och utmynnade i underkategorier och kategorier. Resultat: Studiens resultat visar att anestesisjuksköterskorna strävar efter att skapa en vårdande relation med patienten. Anestesisjuksköterskorna anpassar sitt förhållningssätt till patienten, bland annat genom ett bra bemötande och att värna om patientens delaktighet. Hjälpmedel som närhet till patienten, att skapa en trygg miljö, individanpassad information och att vid behov erbjuda lugnande läkemedel, framkommer från anestesisjuksköterskorna som strategier för att lindra ortopedpatienternas oro. Slutsats: Genom att använda de strategier som framkommer i studiens resultat kan anestesisjuksköterskor lindra ortopedpatienternas oro vid regional anestesi. Studiens resultat bekräftar flertalet tidigare studier, vilket styrker dess kliniska relevans.

Abstract [en]

Background: The nurse anesthetists role is to promote health and to prevent illness with respect for the patients dignity and integrity. Regional anesthesia is common during orthopedic surgery. This means that one or more of the patient´s body parts are anesthetized, which puts the patients in a vulnerable situation due to loss of body control, this can result in anxiety and discomfort for the patients. The nurse anesthetists should have knowledge about how they can relieve concerns in this situation through different strategies. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate and illustrate the nurse anesthetist´s strategies to alleviate the orthopedic patient´s concerns with regional anesthesia. Method: Semi structured interviews were held with ten nurse anesthetists which all had at least one year of clinical experience and had experience from the patient group in question. The data was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis, where meaningful units where condensed and gave subcategories and categories. Results: The results in this study show that the nurse anesthetists aim to create a caring relation with the patient. The nurse anesthetists adapt their approach to the patient, for instance through good communication and to encourage the patient participation. Tools like closeness to the patient, a safe environment, individualized information and to offer sedative if needed, reveals to be strategies used to alleviate the concerns of the orthopedic patients. Conclusions: By using the strategies revealed in the result from this study the nurse anesthetists can alleviate the orthopedic patient´s concerns with regional anesthesia. The result from the study is in many ways confirming former studies on the topic, which proves its clinical relevance

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
Nurse anesthetists, Regional anesthesia, Anxious, Orthopedic patient
Keywords [sv]
Anestesisjuksköterska, Regional anestesi, Oro, Ortopedpatient
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72637OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-72637DiVA, id: diva2:1197092
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Anaesthetic Care, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-11 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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