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Musikens inverkan på patienten vid regional anestesi: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: Det är känt att musik kan påverka personer och kan användas i syfte att främja läkning. Musik används bland annat för patienter med demens och för patienter som är vakna under operation. Regional anestesi i samband med operation medför flera fördelar för patienten som skall opereras. Det finns flera studier som visar musikens positiva effekt för patientens välbefinnande både innan och efter operation.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att sammanställa forskning avseende musikens inverkan på patienten vid regional anestesi under operation.

Metod: Metoden var en systematisk litteraturöversikt. I resultatet inkluderades 13 stycken artiklar, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa. Analysmetod som användes var integrerad dataanalys och resultatet redovisades i form av kategorier och underkategorier.

Resultat: Patienters oro och ångest minskade när de fick lyssna på musik under regional anestesi. Patienter beskrev att de upplevde en känsla av välmående och var mer tillfredsställda efter operation om de fått lyssna på musik. Vitalparametrar som blodtryck och pulsfrekvens visade sig minska vid användning av musik. En del patienter upplevde att smärtan minskade. Det fanns dock inkluderande studier som inte påvisade någon signifikant skillnad på respektive kategori.

Diskussion: Musik kan ha en positiv inverkan under operation med regional anestesi. Det används olika instrument för att mäta ångest, vilket kan påverka resultatet. Vid vissa studier fick patienterna välja musik själva. Musiken spelades upp i varierande former, till exempel i hörlurar eller i operationssalen. Dessa faktorer gör att de blir svårt att dra ett generaliserbart resultat.

Slutsats: Resultatet visar att musik kan ha en positiv inverkan både fysiskt och psykiskt på patienterna som fick lyssna på musik under operation. Anestesisjuksköterskor bör erbjuda musik vid regional anestesi och patienterna kan med fördel få välja musik själva då det visat sig ha bra effekt.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: Music is well known to affect people and has been used to promote healing. Music is used, for example, for patients with dementia and for patients waking up during surgery. Regional anesthesia associated with surgery brings several benefits to the patient to be operated. There are several studies showing the positive impact of music on patient wellbeing before and after surgery.

Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to compile research into the impact of music on the patient in regional anesthesia during surgery.

Method: The method was a literature review. In the result 13 articles were included, both qualitative and quantitative. The analysis method used was integrated data analysis and the results were presented in the form of categories and undercategories.

Result: Patients' anxiety decreased when they listened to music under regional anesthesia. Patients described that they experienced a sense of well-being and were more satisfied after surgery if they had listened to music. Vital parameters such as blood pressure and pulse rate were found to decrease when using music. Some patients felt that the pain decreased. However, there were included studies that did not show any significant difference in the respective categories.

Discussion: Music may have a positive effect during surgery with regional anesthesia. Different instruments are used to measure anxiety, which can affect the outcome. In some studies, patients were given the choice of music themselves. The music was recorded in various forms, such as headphones or in the operating room. These factors make it difficult to draw a generalizable result.

Conclusion: The result shows that music can have a positive impact both physically and mentally on patients who listened to music during surgery. Nurse anesthetists should offer music at regional anesthesia and patients can benefit from choosing music themselves as it proved to be of good effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [sv]
Regional anestesi, musik, litteraturöversikt, Regional anesthesia, music, litterature review
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-72845DiVA, id: diva2:1197835
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Anaesthetic Care, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2018-04-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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