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Ijāzah: Methods of Authorization and Assessment in Islamic Education
Lund University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5432-8883
2018 (English)In: Handbook of Islamic Education / [ed] Holger Daun & Reza Arjmand, Cham: Springer, 2018, 1, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Ijāzah, meaning permission, license, or authorization, refers to several distinct types of academic certificates within Islamic education. Given the primacy of oral traditions and importance of reliability of ḥadīth, the license of audition (ijāzah al-sama‘) was established in order to guarantee the credibility of the transmission. Ijāzah al-riwāyah served as written records of the direct audition of a text on the part of the recipient from the transmitting authority, whether a single ḥadīth report, a work by the transmitting teacher himself, or a work by a third party. Accordingly, ijāzah al-iftā’ or ijāzah al-ijtihād was developed within fiqh as a method of authorization of the qualified ‘ulamā’ to respond to the changes within Muslim societies throughout fatwās. Through ijāzah li-al-tadrīs, a scholar was entitled to teach parts of a book or an entire subject. Independent from any social and political institutions, ijāzah was executed within a disciple-master relationship and developed into a literacy genre within Islamic education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018, 1. p. 1-21
Series
International Handbooks of Religion and Education, ISSN 1874-0049, E-ISSN 1874-0057 ; 7
Keywords [en]
Islamic education; Ijāzah; Authorization; Educational assessment
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Pedagogics and Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72924DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-53620-0_55-1ISBN: 978-3-319-53620-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-72924DiVA, id: diva2:1198532
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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