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Islamic Education in Egypt
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5432-8883
2018 (English)In: Handbook of Islamic Education / [ed] Holger Daun, Reza Arjmand, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 577-592Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Islamic education in Egypt thrived during the seventh to tenth centuries when Islamic schools established both as primary kuttāb and subsequently advanced to al-Azhar system. Kuttāb as educational institutions emerged as natural, spontaneous at grassroots level, often connected with a mosque, but also created by the community in a home, a shop, a tent, or under a palm tree. Islamic education was built around an individual rather than an institution, and this helped the spread of education in the Muslim world. While al-Azhar built by Ismā’ilī Shī’ite Fāṭimīds in Egypt to confront the hostile 'Abbāsīds of Baghdad, it ultimately held strong religious and political directions based on Sunnī Islam. Al-Azhar with its vast endowed residential facilities fostered training of generations of learned class of 'ulamā'. Female students had access to education where a series of facilities and classes were devoted to them.

Driven from Islamic dogma, the al-Azhar developed the curriculum based on theology, grammar, and rhetoric through memorization, with the intention to foster a sense of religious obedience among students and to reinforce teachings of Sunnī Islam. The educational target is to achieve independent judgment on various issues concerning the Muslim society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018. p. 577-592
Series
International Handbooks of Religion and Education, ISSN 1874-0049 ; 7
Keywords [en]
Egypt, Islamic education, Al-Azhar, Fāṭimīd, Mamlūk, Kuttāb, 'Ulamā', Mosque
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Pedagogics and Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72932DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-53620-0_35-1ISBN: 978-3-319-64682-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-72932DiVA, id: diva2:1198543
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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