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The experience of patients with neoplasm metastasis in the spine during a magnetic resonance imaging examination
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Lund University.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5719-7102
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0017-5188
2014 (English)In: Journal of Radiology Nursing, ISSN 1546-0843, E-ISSN 1555-9912, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 191-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to explore the experience of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination by patients with neoplasm metastasis in the spine. MRI is the most accurate method to diagnose and evaluate suspected metastatic disease in the spine. Patients may experience anxiety because of the fear of pain, fear of the unknown, and the apprehension about what the test might reveal. The study had a qualitative design, and the collected data were analyzed by means of latent content analysis. Twelve semistructured in-depth interviews were carried out starting with the question “Can you tell me about your experience of the MRI examination?” Four themes were identified: “motivation,” “worry and anxiety,” “insecurity,” and “security.” The patients were highly motivated to be examined by MRI, although most of them did experience some degree of worry or anxiety. The level of worry or anxiety was generated by the perception that an MRI examination was unpleasant, uncomfortable, or by the fear of what the result would show. All participants experienced some degree of insecurity, but in different ways, the insecurity of the patient could be reduced and the patients could experience a greater degree of security. The feelings of insecurity or security could be influenced by the radiographer, patients themselves, and MRI equipment. This study shows that most patients usually experience worry and anxiety. If the patients are motivated, they can manage to go through the examination in spite of the previously mentioned adverse feelings. Patients' feelings tend to fluctuate between a sense of insecurity and one of security.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 33, no 4, p. 191-198
Keywords [en]
Magnetic resonance imaging, Nursing, Cancer, Nurse-patient relationship
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73036DOI: 10.1016/j.jradnu.2014.09.001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84920659765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-73036DiVA, id: diva2:1198832
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Hjälp mig att hjälpa dig!: upplevelser och uppfattningar av undersökning med MRT för personer med metastaser i ryggen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hjälp mig att hjälpa dig!: upplevelser och uppfattningar av undersökning med MRT för personer med metastaser i ryggen
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aim: The overall aim was to explore how patients with spinal metastasesexperience a magnetic resonance imaging examination (MRI). Furthermore,the purpose was to investigate the radiographers’ perceptions of the patients’care needs and what measures can be taken to relieve the suffering associatedwith an MRI examination.

Methods: The design for all four studies was qualitative with content analysisused in Studies I, III and IV and a phenomenographic approach in Study II.

Main Findings: The results showed that the patients could experience worry,anxiety, insecurity and pain during an MRI examination. These adverse feelingscan be reduced by adjustments to the examination’s routines as well as byadjustments to the examination’s settings. A short break in the middle of theexamination can be beneficial if the patient is involved in the decision regardingthe break or other adjustments made in conjunction with the examination.Radiographers’ perceptions of the caring for patients were influenced by theircaring perspective and their approach towards what they consider to be essentialin the care of patients with spinal metastasis. The radiographers used theirintuition as a moral compass when they decided what, when and how to adjustthe different aspects of the MRI examination. A shortage of time can affect theextent of the adjustments that can be made as well as the establishment of acaring relationship with the patient.

Conclusions: The patients may feel a sense of security when they receive correctinformation prior to and during the examination. Patients want to influencetheir own care. The personalization and adjustments of the examinationroutines need to be performed in agreement with the patient. The radiographersshould not use intuition as the foundation for their care and assumptions aboutthe care needs of the patients should be avoided. The

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2018. p. 77
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 320
Keywords
Magnetic resonance imaging, spinal metastasis, patient-centered care
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73039 (URN)978-91-88761-58-3 (ISBN)978-91-88761-59-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-05-25, Myrdal, Hus K, Växjö, 10:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved

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Strand, ThomasRask, MikaelRoxberg, Åsa

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