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Kommunikationens betydelse vid haverier till sjöss: En analys baserad på haverirapporter
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The importance of communication in the case of accidents at sea : An analysis based on marine reports (English)
Abstract [sv]

Antalet haverier som är orsakade av den mänskliga faktorn minskar inte. En del av den mänskliga faktorn ligger i kommunikation mellan olika parter inom sjöfarten, både sjö- och landbaserade. Denna studie är en litteraturstudie vars syfte är att undersöka hur den verbala kommunikationen har praktiserats och vilken betydelse den haft vid kollisioner och grundstötningar. Studien är baserad på haverirapporter från Statens Haveri-kommission som har analyserats med hjälp av ett verktyg specifikt framtaget för denna studie. Resultatet visar på en kommunikationsbrist i en betydande majoritet av de analyserade haverierna. Ofta brister det i kommunikationen mellan VTS och fartyg samt mellan lots och befälhavare. Vanligt förekommande är även språkförbistring där inte alla parter förstått det språket som använts vid kommunikationen.  Med hjälp av ett mer utbrett utövande av redan kända kommunikationstekniker skulle antalet olyckor och tillbud kunna minskas.

Abstract [en]

The number of marine accidents caused by the human error does not decrease. A part of the human error is in the communication between different agents within the maritime cluster, at sea and also in the landbased sector. This study is a literature study whose purpose is to investigate how the verbal communication has been practiced and what significance it has had in collisions and groundings. The study is based on reports from the Swedish Accident Investigation Authority with a tool specifically developed for this particular study. The result shows a communication gap in a decisive majority of the analyzed accidents. There is often a lack of communication between VTS and vessels as well as between pilots and commanders. Common prevalence is also language problem where not all parties understand the language used in the communication. With the help of a more widespread practice of already known communication technologies, the number of accidents could be reduced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Communication shortage, communication techniques, mental models, grounding, collision, accident report, safety, VTS, pilot, captain
Keywords [sv]
Kommunikationsbrist, kommunikationstekniker, mentala modeller, grundstötning, kollision, haverirapport, säkerhet, VTS, lots, befälhavare
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-74499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-74499DiVA, id: diva2:1209684
Educational program
Nautical Science Programme (4years) with onboard practical training placement, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-05-23Bibliographically approved

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Kommunikationens betydelse vid haverier till sjöss(1767 kB)2 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf