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Dependable integrated surveillance systems for the physical security of metro railways
Ansaldo STS, Italy.
Ansaldo STS, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2833-7196
Ansaldo STS, Italy.
CeRICT - Centro Regionale Information Communication Technology, Italy.
2009 (English)In: 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Distributed Smart Cameras, ICDSC 2009, IEEE, 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Rail-based mass transit systems are vulnerable to many criminal acts, ranging from vandalism to terrorism. In this paper, we present the architecture, the main functionalities and the dependability related issues of a security system specifically tailored to metro railways. Heterogeneous intrusion detection, access control, intelligent video-surveillance and sound detection devices are integrated in a cohesive Security Management System (SMS). In case of emergencies, the procedural actions required to the operators involved are orchestrated by the SMS. Redundancy both in sensor dislocation and hardware apparels (e.g. by local or geographical clustering) improve detection reliability, through alarm correlation, and overall system resiliency against both random and malicious threats. Video-analytics is essential, since a small number of operators would be unable to visually control a large number of cameras. Therefore, the visualization of video streams is activated automatically when an alarm is generated by smart-cameras or other sensors, according to an event-driven approach. The system is able to protect stations (accesses, technical rooms, platforms, etc.), tunnels (portals, ventilation shafts, etc.), trains and depots. Presently, the system is being installed in the Metrocampania underground regional railway. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first subway security system featuring artificial intelligence algorithms both for video and audio surveillance. The security system is highly heterogeneous in terms not only of detection technologies but also of embedded computing power and communication facilities. In fact, sensors can differ in their inner hardware-software architecture and thus in the capacity of providing information security and dependability. The focus of this paper is on the development of novel solutions to achieve a measurable level of dependability for the security system in order to fulfill the requirements of the specific application. © 2009 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2009.
Keywords [en]
Critical infrastructure protection, Detection reliability, Physical security, Smart surveillance, System dependability, Alarm correlation, Audio surveillance, Communication facilities, Criminal acts, Detection technology, Embedded computing, Event-driven approach, Geographical clustering, Information security, Integrated surveillance systems, Intelligent video, Mass transit systems, Novel solutions, Security management systems, Smart surveillance systems, Sound detection, Ventilation shafts, Video streams, Access control, Artificial intelligence, Cameras, Intrusion detection, Light rail transit, Locomotives, Mass transportation, Mathematical operators, Monitoring, Network security, Public works, Quality assurance, Railroad cars, Railroads, Redundancy, Sensors, Software architecture, Subways, Security systems
National Category
Embedded Systems
Research subject
Computer Science, Software Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73685DOI: 10.1109/ICDSC.2009.5289385Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-72149086921ISBN: 9781424446209 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-73685DiVA, id: diva2:1213893
Conference
3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Distributed Smart Cameras, ICDSC 2009, 30 August - 2 September 2009, Como
Note

Conference code: 78619; Cited By :30; Export Date: 26 April 2018; Conference Paper; Correspondence Address: Bocchetti, G.; Ansaldo STS Italy, Naples, Italy; email: giovanni.bocchetti@ansaldo-sts.com; References: Avizienis, A., Laprie, J.C., Randel, B., (2001) Fundamental Concepts of Dependability, , LAAS Report n. 01-145; Bishop, M., (2006) Computer Security: Art and Science, , 9th ed. Addison Wesley; CCTV Surveillance Systems for Use in Security Applications - Part 1: System Requirements, , CENELEC: EN 50132-1 Alarm Systems; (2001) Railway Applications- Communication, Signalling and Processing Systems - Part 2: Safety-related Communication in Open Transmission Systems, , CENELEC: EN 50159-2; Flammini, F., Gaglione, A., Mazzocca, N., Moscato, V., Pragliola, C., Wireless sensor data fusion for critical infrastructure security (2008) Advances in Soft Computing Vol. 53: Proc. International Workshop on Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems (CISIS'08), pp. 92-99. , Genoa, Italy, October 23-24; Flammini, F., Gaglione, A., Mazzocca, N., Pragliola, C., DETECT: A novel framework for the detection of attacks to critical infrastructures (2008) Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications, pp. 105-112. , Martorell et al. (Eds), Proceedings of ESREL'08, Valencia, Spain, 22-25 September; Flammini, F., Gaglione, A., Mazzocca, N., Pragliola, C., Quantitative security risk assessment and management for railway transportation infrastructures (2008) Proc. 3rd International Workshop on Critical Information Infrastructures Security (CRITIS'08), pp. 213-223. , Frascati (Rome), Italy, October 13-15; Forsyth, D.A., Ponce, J., (2002) Computer Vision: A Modern Approach, , Prentice Hall; Garcia, M.L., (2001) The Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems, , Butterworth-Heinemann; Lewis, T.G., (2006) Critical infrastructure protection in homeland security: Defending a networked nation, , John Wiley, New York; Ntalampiras, S., Potamitis, I., Fakotakis, N., On acoustic surveillance of hazardous situations International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP'09), , Taiwan, Taipei, April 19-24, 2009; Remagnino, P., Velastinm, S.A., Foresti, G.L., Trivedi, M., Novel concepts and challenges for the next generation of video surveillance systems (2007) Machine Vision and Applications, 18 (3-4), pp. 135-137. , (Springer); Roman, R., Alcaraz, C., Lopez, J., The role of wireless sensor networks in the area of critical information infrastructure protection (2007) Information Security Tech. Report, 12 (1), pp. 24-31; Transit security design considerations (2004) Federal Transit Administration, Final Report, , U.S. Department of transportation; Walters, J.P., Liang, Z., Shi, W., Chaudhary, V., Wireless sensor network security: A survey (2006) Security in Distributed, Grid, and Pervasive Computing, , Yang Xiao (Eds.), CRC Press; Wilson, J.M., Jackson, B.A., Eisman, M., Steinberg, P., Riley, K.J., (2007) Securing America's Passenger-Rail Systems, , Rand Corporation

Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-09-18Bibliographically approved

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