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Language background affects word order processing in a second language online but not offline
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language. Linneaus University Växjö.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6731-1522
Stockholm University. (Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5505-2279
Lund University. (Humanities Laboratory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3589-9605
2018 (English)In: Bilingualism: Language & CognitionArticle in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This study examines possible crosslinguistic influence on basic word order processing in a second language (L2). Targeting Swedish V2 word order we investigate adult German learners (+V2 in the L1) and English learners (-V2 in the L1) of Swedish who are matched for proficiency. We report results from two offline behavioural tasks (written production, metalinguistic judgments), and online processing as measured by event-related potentials (ERPs). All groups showed sensitivity to word order violations behaviourally and neurocognitively. Behaviourally, the learners differed from the native speakers only on judgements. Crucially, they did not differ from each other. Neurocognitively, all groups showed a similar increased centro-parietal P600 ERP-effect, but German learners (+V2) displayed more nativelike anterior ERP-effects than English learners (-V2). The results suggest crosslinguistic influence in that the presence of a similar word order in the L1 can facilitate online processing in an L2-- even if no offline behavioural effects are discerned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Event-related potentials, LAN/P600, frontal positivity, word order, crosslinguistic influence
National Category
Psychology Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-75289OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-75289DiVA, id: diva2:1214725
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-07

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Andersson, AnnikaSayehli, SusanGullberg, Marianne
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf