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The peer review game: an agent-based model of scientists facing resource constraints and institutional pressures
Univ Brescia, Italy.
Univ Valencia, Spain.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. (DISA;CSS;Ctr Data Intens Sci & Applicat)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2837-0137
Univ Brescia, Italy.
2018 (English)In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 1401-1420Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper looks at peer review as a cooperation dilemma through a game-theory framework. We built an agent-based model to estimate how much the quality of peer review is influenced by different resource allocation strategies followed by scientists dealing with multiple tasks, i.e., publishing and reviewing. We assumed that scientists were sensitive to acceptance or rejection of their manuscripts and the fairness of peer review to which they were exposed before reviewing. We also assumed that they could be realistic or excessively over-confident about the quality of their manuscripts when reviewing. Furthermore, we assumed they could be sensitive to competitive pressures provided by the institutional context in which they were embedded. Results showed that the bias and quality of publications greatly depend on reviewer motivations but also that context pressures can have a negative effect. However, while excessive competition can be detrimental to minimising publication bias, a certain level of competition is instrumental to ensure the high quality of publication especially when scientists accept reviewing for reciprocity motives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 116, no 3, p. 1401-1420
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77015DOI: 10.1007/s11192-018-2825-4ISI: 000442007200001PubMedID: 30147203Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049609247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-77015DiVA, id: diva2:1235796
Available from: 2018-07-27 Created: 2018-07-27 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Bravo, Giangiacomo

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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