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Cooperation and Pacifism in a Colonial Context: Service Civil International and Work Camps in Bihar, 1934-1937
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5938-0966
2018 (English)In: HerStory – Historical Scholarship between South Asia and Europe: Festschrift in Honour of Gita Dharampal-Frick / [ed] Rafael Klöber, Manju Ludwig, Heidelberg, Berlin: CrossAsia-eBooks , 2018, p. 83-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

After a major earthquake in Bihar and Nepal in 1934, the Swiss peace and relief organisation Service Civil International (SCI), would for the first time set up work camps in India. This chapter examines how the work camps in Bihar materialized through an exchange of ideas, networks, and cooperation in Europe and India. While several factors conspired to elicit the idea of reconstruction camps in Bihar at that particular time, SCI would for the practical implementation of the project depend on the support of a network of people that included Indian politicians, British Quakers and members of the Indian Conciliation Group. The thoughts and agency of SCI’s founder, Pierre Ceresole serve not only as a window into the life of an internationalist and pacifist of the time, but also illustrate the importance of political networks and ideological motivation in the internationalisation of disaster relief in the 1930s. In this context, the chapter discusses the organisation and motivation behind setting up work camps in India.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Heidelberg, Berlin: CrossAsia-eBooks , 2018. p. 83-102
Keywords [en]
Pacifism, inter-war history, 1930s, internationalism, India, global history, conscientious objectors, Service Civil International, Switzerland, Quakers
National Category
History
Research subject
Humanities, History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77429ISBN: 978-3-946742-43-2 (electronic)ISBN: 978-3-946742-44-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-77429DiVA, id: diva2:1242656
Projects
Of the Pacifist International: Methods for Peace and Humanitarian Thought in the Work of Pierre Ceresole and Service Civil International, 1918-1945Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Marcussen, Eleonor

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf