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Pesticide diversity in rice growing areas of Northern Vietnam
UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Germany.
Univ Göttingen, Germany.
Christian A Ibrechts Univ, Germany.
UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Germany;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res Halle Jena, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Paddy and Water Environment, ISSN 1611-2490, E-ISSN 1611-2504, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 339-352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pesticide use in developing countries increases rapidly. In many regions, we miss knowledge of how frequently pesticides are applied and which active ingredients are used. We present a new cost-efficient and rapid assessment method of recording pesticides diversity in rice-dominated landscapes and present some evidence of the misuse of active ingredients in our study regions. We investigated 17 rice fields in two regions of Northern Vietnam in 2014 and 2015. At each region, we explore the abundance of pesticides used with three methods including (1) the novel approach of collecting pesticide packages close to our target rice fields, (2) observations of farmers spraying pesticides in the surrounding and (3) interviewing local farmers. By collecting pesticide packages, we found 811 packages containing 74 different active ingredients. On average, 19 active ingredients (ranging from four to 40 active ingredients) were applied with an average content of 275.3 g of active ingredients per site. Insecticide packages (39%) were most abundant followed by those of fungicides (31%), herbicides (16%) and other active ingredients (14%). On all sites, active ingredients banned in the European Union were applied by the farmers. Collecting pesticide packages proved to be an efficient and rapidly implemented method to obtain some baseline information about pesticide application (for Northern Vietnam). We suspect that improved agricultural extension services could contribute to good agricultural practices in pest management. Generally, better information and education for local farmers for appropriate use of pesticides seem a necessity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 16, no 2, p. 339-352
Keywords [en]
Agrochemicals, Agroecosystem insecticides, Active ingredients, Red River Delta, Rice fields
National Category
Agricultural Science Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77411DOI: 10.1007/s10333-018-0637-zISI: 000439341800009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042936925OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-77411DiVA, id: diva2:1242785
Available from: 2018-08-29 Created: 2018-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Franzén, Markus

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