lnu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Laughter and humour in high-stakes academic ELF interactions: An analysis of laughter episodes in PhD defences/vivas
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8995-4366
2018 (English)In: Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, ISSN 2191-9216, E-ISSN 2191-933X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 261-284Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the uses and functions of laughter and humour in a corpus of nine PhD defences/vivas. The data include the PhD defences in their entirety, including monologic and dialogic talk by participants from a variety of research cultures. The defences were video-recorded and transcribed, and laughter episodes analysed according to who laughed, who the source of “the laughable” was, what the reason for laughing was and at what point laughter occurred. The analysis reveals that a majority of laughter was non-humorous, produced by one person, and had the function of mitigating face threats to speakers and others. Humorous laughter was usually produced by more than one person and had the function of relieving tension, creating a non-adversarial atmosphere and building a community. These results are connected to the communicative purposes of the participants; the participants’ mutual aim is to examine an academic work and confirm the candidate’s membership in their chosen specialisation, which requires cooperation from all parties. Furthermore, although the participants come from different research cultures where humour can have a different presence and function, this study shows that laughter and humour are frequent and fill an important function in ELF interactions in high-stakes academic situations.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersöker användning och funktioner för skratt och humor i en korpus av nio disputationer. Materialet omfattar disputationer i sin helhet, inklusive monologiska tal och dialogiska samtal med deltagare från en mängd olika forskningskulturer. Disputationerna filmades och transkriberades, och skrattepisoder analyserades enligt vem som skrattade, vem som var källan till det man skrattade åt, vad skälet till att man skrattade var, samt vid vilken tidpunkt skratt uppstod. Analysen visar att en majoritet av skratten var icke-humoristiska, producerade av endast en person, och hade funktionen att mildra hot mot talarens och andras ansikte. Humoristiskt skratt producerades vanligtvis av mer än en person och hade funktionen att lindra spänningar, skapa en positiv atmosfär och bygga en gemenskap. Dessa resultat är kopplade till deltagarnas kommunikativa syften. Deltagarnas ömsesidiga mål är att undersöka ett akademiskt arbete och godkänna kandidatens medlemskap i sin valda specialisering, vilket kräver samarbete från alla parter. Även om deltagarna kommer från olika forskningskulturer där humor kan ha en annan närvaro och funktion visar den här studien att skratt och humor är frekventa och fyller en viktig funktion i ELF-interaktioner i akademiska situationer med avgörande betydelse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Walter de Gruyter, 2018. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 261-284
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English; Humanities, Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77633DOI: 10.1515/jelf-2018-0014ISI: 000443293000003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053244458OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-77633DiVA, id: diva2:1246854
Funder
Åke Wiberg Foundation, H14-0145Gunvor och Josef Anérs stiftelse, FB15-0081Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Mežek, Špela

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mežek, Špela
By organisation
Department of Languages
In the same journal
Journal of English as a Lingua Franca
Specific Languages

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 34 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf