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Gas analysis in gasification of biomass and waste: Guideline report: Document 1
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2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Gasification is generally acknowledged as one of the technologies that will enable the large-scale production of biofuels and chemicals from biomass and waste. One of the main technical challenges associated to the deployment of biomass gasification as a commercial technology is the cleaning and upgrading of the product gas. The contaminants of product gas from biomass/waste gasification include dust, tars, alkali metals, BTX, sulphur-, nitrogen- and chlorine compounds, and heavy metals. Proper measurement of the components and contaminants of the product gas is essential for the monitoring of gasification-based plants (efficiency, product quality, by-products), as well as for the proper design of the downstream gas cleaning train (for example, scrubbers, sorbents, etc.). In practice, a trade-off between reliability, accuracy and cost has to be reached when selecting the proper analysis technique for a specific application. The deployment and implementation of inexpensive yet accurate gas analysis techniques to monitor the fate of gas contaminants might play an important role in the commercialization of biomass and waste gasification processes.

This special report commissioned by the IEA Bioenergy Task 33 group compiles a representative part of the extensive work developed in the last years by relevant actors in the field of gas analysis applied to(biomass and waste) gasification. The approach of this report has been based on the creation of a team of contributing partners who have supplied material to the report. This networking approach has been complemented with a literature review. The report is composed of a set of 2 documents. Document 1(the present report) describes the available analysis techniques (both commercial and underdevelopment) for the measurement of different compounds of interest present in gasification gas. The objective is to help the reader to properly select the analysis technique most suitable to the target compounds and the intended application. Document 1 also describes some examples of application of gas analysis at commercial-, pilot- and research gasification plants, as well as examples of recent and current joint research activities in the field. The information contained in Document 1 is complemented with a book of factsheets on gas analysis techniques in Document 2, and a collection of video blogs which illustrate some of the analysis techniques described in Documents 1 and 2.

This guideline report would like to become a platform for the reinforcement of the network of partners working on the development and application of gas analysis, thus fostering collaboration and exchange of knowledge. As such, this report should become a living document which incorporates in future coming progress and developments in the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Energy Agency (IEA), 2018. , p. 161
Keywords [en]
biomass, gasification, gas analysis, aerosol, particulate matter
National Category
Bioenergy Chemical Process Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Bioenergy Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78005ISBN: 9781910154472 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-78005DiVA, id: diva2:1250851
Note

The work collected in this report has been the result of the joint effort and kind collaboration of a group of experts in the field of gas analysis and biomass gasification. The coordinators would like to warmly thank all the contributing partners for their generous support in sharing their material and experience for this report. It has been the sum of the experiences of this large group of experts that has added the value to this report. The collaborative effort would have been impossible without the use of existing networks. Serge Biollaz and York Neubauer, coordinators of the Gas Analysis group, are gratefully acknowledged for their kind cooperation, valuable advice and active support throughout the elaboration of this report. The members of the IEA Bioenergy Task 33 working group (Steering Group of this project) are gratefully acknowledged for the commitment and feedback throughout the project. Lastly, we would like to express our sincere thanks to the IEA Bioenergy Task 33 “Gasification of biomass and waste” for the funding of this special report.

Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Lin, LetengStrand, Michael

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Citation style
  • apa
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