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Cooperation and conflict in segregated populations
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. (DISA, CSS)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2837-0137
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
2018 (English)In: Social science computer review, ISSN 0894-4393, E-ISSN 1552-8286, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Humans behavior often varies depending on the opponent’s group membership, with both positive consequences (e.g., cooperation or mutual help) and negative ones (e.g., stereotyping, oppression, or even genocide). An influential model developed by Hammond and Axelrod (HA) highlighted the emergence of macrolevel “ethnocentric cooperation” from the aggregation of microlevel interactions based on arbitrary tags signaling group membership. We extended this model to include a wider set of agents’ behaviors including the possibility of harming others. This allowed to check whether and under which conditions xenophobia can emerge beside or in alternative to ethnocentric cooperation. The model was compared to Swedish data documenting social unrest and proxies of cooperative behaviors at the municipal level. The validation results supported the model predictions on conflict but not the ones on cooperation, casting doubts on HA’s original argument.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2018. p. 1-17
Keywords [en]
cooperation, conflict, simulation, group membership, social unrest, ethnocentric cooperation
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79076DOI: 10.1177/0894439318821687OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-79076DiVA, id: diva2:1268221
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2019-05-06

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Bravo, GiangiacomoYantseva, Victoria

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  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf