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Analysis of eyewitness testimony in a police shooting with fatal outcome - Manifestations of spatial and temporal distortions
Lund University.
Lund University.
Lund University.
Lund University.
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2018 (English)In: Cogent Psychology, E-ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1487271Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eyewitness statements are commonly used in the criminal justice system and viewed as having a high-probative value, especially when the witness has no motive to lie, other witness recollection corroborates the account, orthe witness is highly confident. A fatal police shooting incident in Sweden had 13 witnesses (nine civilians and four police officers) and was also filmed with two mobile phones. All interviews were conducted before witnesses viewed the films, allowing for the analysis of discrepancies between their statements and the videos. In this incident, a police patrol was sent to find out a man who was reported to have attacked two persons with a knife. When found, the perpetrator refused to obey the officer's commands, and the police eventually shot at him. The analysis showed clear differences between the witness testimonies and the film. Elements associated with perceived threat, for example, the assailant's armament and movement direction and number of shots fired, were remembered fairly accurately. However, most witnesses poorly recollected when, that is, after which shot, the assailant fell to the ground. Moreover, memory of the actual order of events was altered and important aspects omitted that were crucial from a legal point of view.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1487271
Keywords [en]
eyewitness, police shooting, event memory, temporal distortions, real-life case
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Police Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79492DOI: 10.1080/23311908.2018.1487271ISI: 000437330500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049576000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-79492DiVA, id: diva2:1278970
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Fredriksson, Peter J.

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf