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The effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. (Ctr Data Intens Sci & Applicat, DISA;CSS)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2837-0137
Univ Valencia, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1357-7170
Univ Valencia, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1325-2501
Elsevier,Netherlands.
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2019 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 10, article id 322Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To increase transparency in science, some scholarly journals are publishing peer review reports. But it is unclear how this practice affects the peer review process. Here, we examine the effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals involved in a pilot study at Elsevier. By considering 9,220 submissions and 18,525 reviews from 2010 to 2017, we measured changes both before and during the pilot and found that publishing reports did not significantly compromise referees' willingness to review, recommendations, or turn-around times. Younger and non-academic scholars were more willing to accept to review and provided more positive and objective recommendations. Male referees tended to write more constructive reports during the pilot. Only 8.1% of referees agreed to reveal their identity in the published report. These findings suggest that open peer review does not compromise the process, at least when referees are able to protect their anonymity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2019. Vol. 10, article id 322
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80148DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-08250-2ISI: 000456011000003PubMedID: 30659186Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060132626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-80148DiVA, id: diva2:1285815
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Bravo, Giangiacomo

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CiteExportLink to record
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