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Superficial intersubjectivity in ELF university dormitory interactions
Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9268-6481
2018 (English)In: Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, ISSN 2191-9216, E-ISSN 2191-933X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 377-402Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study investigates the phenomena of “superficial intersubjectivity” occurring in English as a lingua franca (ELF) interactions at an international university dormitory in Japan. “Intersubjectivity” (Rommetveit, Ragnar. 1976. On the architecture of intersubjectivity. In Ragnar Rommetveit & Rolv Mikkel Blakar [eds.], Studies of language, thought, and verbal communication, 93–107. New York: Academic Press) refers to the shared perspective of the social world by the interlocutors. In ELF interactions where shared perspectives cannot be presumed, efforts to achieve intersubjectivity are critical. ELF research has explicated speakers’ efforts and cooperativeness to achieve intersubjectivity or avoid misunderstandings during interactions (Kaur, Jagdish. 2011a. “Doing being a language expert”: The case of the ELF speaker. In Alasdair Archibald, Alessia Cogo & Jennifer Jenkins [eds.], Latest Trends in ELF Research, 53–75. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing; Seidlhofer, Barbara. 2001. Closing a conceptual gap: The case for a description of English as a lingua franca. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 11[2]. 133–158). However, few studies have investigated cases where speakers display mutual understanding during a repair sequence even when the understanding is not accurate.

Approximately 37 hours of naturally occurring ELF interactions were collected and analyzed using a standard conversation analysis followed by a post-analytic researcher observation. Detailed analyses of repair sequences regarding a word suggest that in non-institutional ELF interactions the accuracy of intersubjectivity is not always prioritized. Rather, statements made by the speaker positioned as the one with relatively stronger linguistic ability seem to hold influence over the repair sequence, which prompts the interlocutor with relatively weaker ability to agree with inaccurate candidate understandings. The study suggests a connection between the positioning of speakers regarding linguistic knowledge and the construction of intersubjectivity in ELF interactions.

Abstract [ja]

本稿は日本における国際的な大学寮で取り交わされた共通語としての英語(ELF)の相互行為を通してみられた「表面的な共有理解」について探究する。共有理解、もしくは「間主観性」 (Rommetveit 1976) とは話者同士が現実社会に関して共有する認識のことである。使用言語を含め、共有認識を前提とできないELF相互行為において共有理解を維持する努力は非常に重要である。ELFの先行研究は共有理解を得たり誤解を避けたりする為の話者らによる協力的な姿勢や様々な手法を明らかにしてきた(例: Kaur (2011a); Seidlhofer (2001))。しかし、修復連鎖中において話者らが正確な理解が得られていない場合でも同意を示す事象を分析した研究はほとんどない。

 本研究は約37時間の自然発生的会話データに会話分析を施した後、研究者による観察を用いて分析した。その結果、大学内であっても教室外のELF相互行為においては共有理解の正確さが常に優先されるとは限らないことがみえてきた 。むしろ、話者間で比較的言語能力の高い位置づけにある話者による発言は同意形成過程に強い影響力を持っており、比較的言語能力の低い位置づけにある話者が不正確な理解に同意を示すことにつながっていた。本研究結果は話者の言語知識に関する相互行為上の位置づけと共有理解構築の間に関連があることを示唆している。

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 377-402
Keywords [en]
English as a lingua franca, intersubjectivity, repair sequence
Keywords [ja]
共通語としての英語, 間主観性, 共有理解, 修復連鎖
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80909DOI: 10.1515/jelf-2018-0015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053270036OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-80909DiVA, id: diva2:1293078
Available from: 2019-03-02 Created: 2019-03-02 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Siegel, Aki

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