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The Social Cost of Automobility, Cycling and Walking in the European Union
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University;Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0505-9207
Natl Inst Ecol, South Korea.
Uppsala University.
Munich Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
2019 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 158, p. 65-74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cost-benefit-analyses (CBA) are widely used to assess transport projects. Comparing various CBA frameworks, this paper concludes that the range of parameters considered in EU transport CBA is limited. A comprehensive list of criteria is presented, and unit costs identified. These are used to calculate the external and private cost of automobility, cycling and walking in the European Union. Results suggest that each kilometer driven by car incurs an external cost of (sic)0.11, while cycling and walking represent benefits of (sic)0.18 and (sic)0.37 per kilometer. Extrapolated to the total number of passenger kilometers driven, cycled or walked in the European Union, the cost of automobility is about (sic)500 billion per year. Due to positive health effects, cycling is an external benefit worth (sic)24 billion per year and walking (sic)66 billion per year. CBA frameworks in the EU should be widened to better include the full range of externalities, and, where feasible, be used comparatively to better understand the consequences of different transport investment decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 158, p. 65-74
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80949DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.12.016ISI: 000458222400008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85059449808OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-80949DiVA, id: diva2:1293527
Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2019-03-05 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Gössling, Stefan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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