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Magnesium based phosphate cement binder for composite panels: A response surface methodology for optimisation of processing variables in boards produced from agricultural and wood processing industrial residues
Stellenbosch University, South Arica. (GoFP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8790-8964
Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
2016 (English)In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 94, p. 746-754Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the potential use of magnesium based phosphate cement prepared from a heavy magnesium oxide and monopotassium phosphate as a binder for the production of composite panels using bio-based industrial residues such as bagasse, hemp hurds, pine sawdust, paper mill sludge and wastepaper as raw materials. These residues were used to produce light-weight and durable materials that can compare with current Portland cement based products. The phosphate binder is fast setting, cold curing and has a low carbon footprint compared to its Portland cement counterpart. The development of phosphate bonded board products promises to reduce the energy requirements in the manufacturing process of board products, and also provides an alternative route for disposal or value addition to bio-based residues by developing environmentally friendly products. The board manufacturing process was laid out on a central composite design (CCD) to model the response variable, utilizing as much residues as technically feasible. The design allowed for the production of low and medium density boards that can be used for non-structural interior finishes and partition boards. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to show the relationships between the production variables and predict the board property by variable optimisation. Tests of mechanical and physical properties were conducted on the boards. The density of hemp boards ranged from 0.59–0.83 g/cm3, bagasse boards ranged from 0.54–0.78 g/cm3, pine boards ranged from 0.58–0.84 g/cm3, paper sludge boards ranged from 0.68–0.81 g/cm3 and wastepaper boards ranged from 0.67–0.81 g/cm3. The study has shown that it is feasible to produce phosphate based board products using bio based industrial and agricultural residues. The physical properties of the products met the minimum requirements for cement bonded particleboard (EN 634:2007) and LD-1 grade particle board (ANSI 208.1:1999).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 94, p. 746-754
National Category
Wood Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81155DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.09.051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-81155DiVA, id: diva2:1297199
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-21Bibliographically approved

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Amiandamhen, Stephen

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