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Performance characteristics of treated kenaf bast fibre reinforced cement composite
Stellenbosch University, South Africa. (GoFP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8790-8964
University of Benin, Nigeria.
University of Benin, Nigeria.
2016 (English)In: Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science, ISSN 0972-172X, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 156-160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the effect of pretreatment on the properties of kenaf fibre cement boards. Homogenous fibre cement boards were made from kenaf bast fibres, cement and water. The fibres were cut into smaller sizes, mixed with cement and water and formed in rectangular moulds. After demoulding, the boards were cured for 28 days. The fibres were treated at three levels which included hot water, calcium chloride (CaCl2), hot water + CaCl2 and a control (untreated). The fibre cement boards were tested for Modulus of Rupture (MOR), Modulus of Elasticity (MOE), Internal Bond (IB), Water Absorption (WA), Thickness Swelling (TS) and Linear Expansion (LE). The results showed that the mean MOR ranged from 1.31 to 8.25 MPa; the mean MOE from 78.0 to 1636.3 MPa for all treated boards. Mean water absorption ranged from 27.52 to 67.64% and the mean thickness swelling from 14.51 to 48.01% for all treated boards. Statistical analysis showed that the effect of the pretreatment was significant on the properties evaluated (p < 0.05). The study concluded that boards produced from hot water combined with CaCl2 treated fibres exhibited the best mechanical and physical properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
India: Springer, 2016. Vol. 13, no 2, p. 156-160
National Category
Wood Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81156DOI: 10.1007/s13196-016-0180-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-81156DiVA, id: diva2:1297205
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-21Bibliographically approved

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Amiandamhen, Stephen

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf