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Consistency in microbiomes in cultures of Alexandrium species isolated from brackish and marine waters
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (Ctr Ecol & Evolut Microbial Model Syst EEMiS;Catherine Legrand;Marine Phytoplankton Ecology and Applications)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8319-8766
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (Ctr Ecol & Evolut Microbial Model Syst EEMiS;Catherine Legrand;Marine Phytoplankton Ecology and Applications)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (Ctr Ecol & Evolut Microbial Model Syst EEMiS;Catherine Legrand;Marine Phytoplankton Ecology and Applications)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3083-7437
Finnish Environment Institute, Finland;Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemunde, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9484-6899
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2019 (English)In: Environmental Microbiology Reports, ISSN 1758-2229, E-ISSN 1758-2229, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 425-433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phytoplankton and bacteria interactions have a significant role in aquatic ecosystem functioning. Associations can range from mutualistic to parasitic, shaping biogeochemical cycles and having a direct influence on phytoplankton growth. How variations in phenotype and sampling location, affect the phytoplankton microbiome is largely unknown. A high‐resolution characterization of the bacterial community in cultures of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium was performed on strains isolated from different geographical locations and at varying anthropogenic impact levels. Microbiomes of Baltic Sea Alexandrium ostenfeldii isolates were dominated by Betaproteobacteria and were consistent over phenotypic and genotypic Alexandrium strain variation, resulting in identification of an A. ostenfeldii core microbiome. Comparisons with in situ bacterial communities showed that taxa found in this A. ostenfeldii core were specifically associated to dinoflagellate dynamics in the Baltic Sea. Microbiomes of Alexandrium tamarense and minutum, isolated from the Mediterranean Sea, differed from those of A. ostenfeldii in bacterial diversity and composition but displayed high consistency, and a core set of bacterial taxa was identified. This indicates that Alexandrium isolates with diverse phenotypes host predictable, species‐specific, core microbiomes reflecting the abiotic conditions from which they were isolated. These findings enable in‐depth studies of potential interactions occurring between Alexandrium and specific bacterial taxa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019. Vol. 11, no 3, p. 425-433
Keywords [en]
Algae, Bacteria, Interactions, Microbiome, Baltic Sea, Alexandrium
Keywords [sv]
Alger, Bakterier, Interaktioner, Microbiom, Östersjön, Alexandrium
National Category
Ecology Microbiology
Research subject
Ecology, Microbiology; Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81534DOI: 10.1111/1758-2229.12736ISI: 000468000600014PubMedID: 30672139Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85062772299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-81534DiVA, id: diva2:1300926
Projects
EcoChange
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasEU, European Research Council, 659453EU, Horizon 2020, 659453Carl Tryggers foundation , 14:283Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Sörenson, EvaBertos-Fortis, MireiaFarnelid, HannaLindehoff, ElinLegrand, Catherine

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Sörenson, EvaBertos-Fortis, MireiaFarnelid, HannaKremp, AnkeLindehoff, ElinLegrand, Catherine
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Environmental Microbiology Reports
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