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Can anaerobic oxidation of methane prevent seafloor gas escape in a warming climate?
Stockholm University, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Solid Earth, ISSN 1869-9510, E-ISSN 1869-9529Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Assessments of future climate-warming-induced seafloor methane (CH4) release rarely include anaerobic ox- idation of methane (AOM) within the sediments. Consider- ing that more than 90 % of the CH4 produced in ocean sed- iments today is consumed by AOM, this may result in sub- stantial overestimations of future seafloor CH4 release. Here, we integrate a fully coupled AOM module with a numerical hydrate model to investigate under what conditions rapid re- lease of CH4 can bypass AOM and result in significant fluxes to the ocean and atmosphere. We run a number of different model simulations for different permeabilities and maximum AOM rates. In all simulations, a future climate warming sce- nario is simulated by imposing a linear seafloor temperature increase of 3 ◦C over the first 100 years. The results presented in this study should be seen as a first step towards under- standing AOM dynamics in relation to climate change and hydrate dissociation. Although the model is somewhat poorly constrained, our results indicate that vertical CH4 migration through hydraulic fractures can result in low AOM efficien- cies. Fracture flow is the predicted mode of methane trans- port under warming-induced dissociation of hydrates on up- per continental slopes. Therefore, in a future climate warm- ing scenario, AOM might not significantly reduce methane release from marine sediments. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copernicus GmbH , 2019.
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81673DOI: 10.5194/se-10-1541-2019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-81673DiVA, id: diva2:1302439
Available from: 2019-04-04 Created: 2019-04-04 Last updated: 2019-09-16

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Ketzer, João Marcelo

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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  • Other locale
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