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Physicochemical and toxicological characterization of hazardous wastes from an oldglasswork dump at southeastern part of Sweden
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (ESEG)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8906-9271
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0269-4790
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7920-8001
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2019 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

More than 34 old glasswork sites in the southeastern part of Sweden pose a permanent threat to human and environmental health due to the presence of toxic trace elements in open dumps with glass waste. The possibility of leaching of trace elements from different fractions of the disposed waste needed to be assessed. In the present investigation, leachate from a mixture of soil and waste glass of particle sizes of less than 2mm (given the name fine fraction) was characterized by analyzing the pH (7.3), total organic content (TOC<2%), organic matter content (4.4%), moisture content (9.7%), chemical oxygen demand (COD, 163mg/kg) and trace elements content, being the values in accordance to the Swedish guidelines for landfilling of inert materials. However, very high trace elements content was found in the fine fraction as well as in all colors of waste glass, whose values were compatible to hazardous waste landfill class. Tests with Lepidium sativum growing in the fine fraction as substrate revealed chronic toxicity expressed as inhibition of root biomass growth in 11 out of 15 samples. Additionally, leachate from fine fractions posed acute toxicity to genetically modified E. coli (Toxi-Chromotest). This study highlights the importance of combining physicochemical characterization with toxicity tests for both solid waste and leachate obtained from different waste fractions for proper hazardousness assessment supporting decision making on remediation demands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Glass waste; Old glassworks; Trace elements; Glassworks dumps; Toxicity; Hazardous glass
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-87489DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124568Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070565543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-87489DiVA, id: diva2:1341738
Available from: 2019-08-10 Created: 2019-08-10 Last updated: 2019-08-29

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Jani, YahyaBurlakovs, JurisAugustsson, AnnaMarques, MarciaHogland, William

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