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Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use
Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, USA;Amer Council Learned Soc, USA;Univ Penn, USA.
UCL, UK.
Max Planck Inst Sci Human Hist, Germany.
Smithsonian Inst, USA.
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2019 (English)In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 365, no 6456, p. 897-902Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth's transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Association for the Advancement of Science , 2019. Vol. 365, no 6456, p. 897-902
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Archaeology Ecology
Research subject
Environmental Science, Paleoecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89283DOI: 10.1126/science.aax1192ISI: 000483975800041PubMedID: 31467217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-89283DiVA, id: diva2:1354461
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved

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Gaillard, Marie-José

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Gauthier, NicolasKay, AndreaDouglass, KristinaDiez Castillo, AgustinLindskoug, Henrik B.Morrison, MichaelSaini, RakeshUlm, SeanGaillard, Marie-JoséEllis, Erle
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Department of Biology and Environmental Science
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