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Fining efficiency and oxygen activity in soda-alkaline earth-silica glasses
Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design. kemi. (glas)
Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design. kemi. (glas)
Glafo.
Glafo.
2008 (English)In: Glass - The Challenge for the 21st Century: 9th ESG conference, 2008Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fining and refining, when bubbles are removed from the glass melt, is an important step in glass manufacturing to reach the quality demands. It is well known that the refining does not always work properly if the composition in the glass is altered. There are still questions concerning the mechanisms of refining with Sb2O3, which typically is used in glass industries where the furnaces have limited process temperature.

This study is done to monitor how changes in glass composition affect the fining efficiency and the oxygen activity of the melt. The specific number of bubbles was determined in the glasses in order to evaluate the fining efficiency. The oxygen activity measurement is a way to in situ monitor the fining characteristics and it has been measured electrochemically at 1400 C in some of the glass melts.

In this work 20NaO2-10RxOy-70SiO2 glasses were used. RxOy is CaO, BaO, MgO, ZnO, SrO or a mix of CaO with BaO, MgO, ZnO, SrO, B2O3, Al2O3 or TiO2. Nitrate and 0,2 mol% Sb2O3 were used as refining agent. In the glasses with a combination of CaO and B2O3 the number of bubbles was lower compared to the glass with only CaO. In all other glasses the amount of bubbles was higher. A maximum number of bubbles were found in the glass containing a combination of CaO and SrO. The oxygen activity was measured at 1400C in glass melts with SrO, CaO+SrO, CaO+BaO and with CaO+B2O3.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-3522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-3522DiVA, id: diva2:203478
Available from: 2008-09-09 Created: 2008-09-09 Last updated: 2010-03-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf