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Stress och personlighetens relation till prestation efter olika mängd träning i topprepsklättring inomhus
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt

Färdigheter utvecklas gradvis vid träning och fördelarna som erhålls är många. Utförandet går snabbare, blir mer korrekt och den kognitiva belastningen tros minska. Utvecklandet av färdigheter kan dock påverkas av individens personlighet och faktorer som setts kunna bidra till stress och prestation. Denna studie undersökte betydelsen av upplevda krav, kontroll och socialt stöd enligt en teoretisk modell framtagen av Karasek och Theorell som reviderats av Perski samt personlighet (Eysenck, EPQ-R: extraversion, neuroticism) avseende resultaten på teoretisk respektive praktisk prestation efter olika mängd träning. Prestation mättes med svenska klätterförbundets praktiska och teoretiska standardprov som används vid uppklättring för topprepskort. Antalet deltagare var 60 personer (27 kvinnor, 33 män). Deltagarna var uppdelade på två grupper, varav ena gruppen hade tränat i två timmar och den andra hade tränat i fyra timmar. Resultaten visade inte på några signifikanta skillnader mellan de båda grupperna avseende de undersökta variablerna förutom att de som gått den kortare kursen rapporterade ett starkare socialt stöd än de som gått den längre kursen. De undersökta variablerna krav, kontroll och socialt stöd samt de två personlighetsvariablerna visade sig inte ha någon relation till resultatet på det teoretiska provet. Ju högre krav försökspersonerna rapporterade desto bättre resultat uppvisades dock på det praktiska provet. Tidigare forskning har entydigt visat att dessa variabler har signifikanta relationer till prestation. Avseende studiedesign finns dock vissa metodologiska skillnader relativt denna studie. För att utröna vilka relationer som finns mellan träning gällande klättring, prestation, upplevda krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och extraversion respektive neuroticism skulle det vara önskvärt med en mer omfattande studie.

Nyckelord: Träning, Stress, Personlighet, Prestation, Topprepsklättring

Abstract [en]

Abstract

While training, skills are developed gradually and the received advantages are numerous. The performance increases, gets more correct, and the cognitive burden is believed to decrease. Development of the skill can be affected by the individual´s personality as well as factors known to be related to stress and performance. This study examines the relation between experienced demand, control and social support according to a theoretical model developed by Karasek and Theorell and revised by Perski and personality (Eysenck, EPQ-R: extraversion, neuroticism) regarding results of theoretical and practical performance, respectively, after various amount of training. Performance was measured by the Swedish climbing society’s practical and theoretical standard test used at examinations for top rope certificate. There where 60 participants in the study (27 women and 33 men). The participants where divided into two groups, of which one group practiced for two hours and the other group practiced for four hours. The results showed no significant differences between the two groups regarding the observed variables, with an exception for reports of a stronger social support among the participants of the shorter course. The observed variables; demands, control, social support, and the two personality variables showed no correlation with the result of the theoretical exam. Although, participants reporting higher demands scored higher on the practical exam. Earlier research has unambiguously shown that these variables have significant correlations with performance. However, there are some methodological differences with respect to the research design relatively to this study. To investigate the relations between training in climbing and the studied variables, it would be desirable to conduct a more extensive study.

Key words: Training, Stress, Personality, Performance, Top rope climbing

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Training, Stress, Personality, Performance, Top rope climbing
Keywords [sv]
Träning, Stress, Personlighet, Prestation, Topprepsklättring
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-2255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-2255DiVA, id: diva2:206167
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samhälle/juridik
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Available from: 2008-09-11 Created: 2008-09-11 Last updated: 2010-03-10Bibliographically approved

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